通常,如木刺、荆棘、玻璃纤维或玻璃之类的异物嵌入皮肤可安全地取出:

  • 用肥皂和清水洗手。
  • 使用用酒精擦拭过的镊子去除异物。使用放大镜帮助您看得更清楚。
  • 如果异物嵌入皮肤表层,找一支干净、锋利的针头,用酒精擦拭消毒。用针头轻轻破开物体上的皮肤,将异物的尖端提起。
  • 用镊子抓住异物的末端,将其取出。
  • 再次清洗患处并拍干。涂抹凡士林或抗生素软膏。

对于嵌入皮肤或肌肉中过深的异物,请及时寻求医疗帮助。先按照这些注意事项和步骤进行:

  • 不要试图移除嵌入物。这样做可能会加深伤口。
  • 绷带包扎伤口。首先,用纱布覆盖伤口。然后,根据情况,在伤口周围放上清洁的填充物,然后用绷带或干净的布牢牢地包扎伤口。注意不要太用力按压填充物。

此外,如果出现以下情况,请寻求医生帮助:

  • 物体难以看到(如透明玻璃)或不容易取出(如鱼钩)。
  • 伤口在眼部或眼部周围。
  • 伤口很深或很脏,而且伤者最后一次接种破伤风疫苗是在 5 年前。医生可能会建议再次接种。

Treatment

You can usually safely remove a small foreign object that's just under the surface of the skin. Examples of such an object are a wood splinter, thorn, and fragment of fiberglass. Follow these first-aid steps:

  • Wash your hands and clean the area well with soap and water.
  • Use tweezers cleaned with rubbing alcohol to remove the object. Use a magnifying glass to help you see better.
  • If the object is under the surface of the skin, sterilize a clean, sharp needle by wiping it with rubbing alcohol. Use the needle to gently break the skin over the object and lift up the tip of the object.
  • Use a tweezers to grab the end of the object and remove it.
  • Wash the area again and pat dry. Apply petroleum jelly or an antibiotic ointment.

When to call your doctor

In addition, seek medical help if:

  • The object is hard to see, such as clear glass, or doesn't come out easily, such as can happen with a fishhook.
  • The injury involves an eye or is close to an eye.
  • The wound is deep or dirty, and the injured person's last tetanus vaccination was more than five years ago. Your healthcare professional may recommend a booster.
May 08, 2024