诊断

医生将会了解病史以记录复发性感染,并进行体格检查。医生将安排血液检测,还可能建议进行基因检测以确认诊断结果。

治疗

X 连锁无丙种球蛋白血症尚无治愈方法。治疗的目标是增强免疫系统、预防感染和积极治疗发生的感染。

药物

治疗 XLA 的药物包括:

  • 丙种球蛋白。这是一种存在于血液中的蛋白质,含有抗感染的抗体。其给药方式为每两到四周静脉输注一次,或每周注射一次。

    对丙种球蛋白的反应可能包括头痛、寒战、背痛和恶心。在病毒感染期间更容易发生反应。

  • 抗生素。有些 XLA 患者会持续服用抗生素以防止感染。另一些患者要比非 XLA 患者服用更长时间的抗生素来对抗细菌感染。

您的医生可能会建议您每 6 到 12 个月复查一次,以筛查 XLA 的并发症。医生还可能建议您不要接种活疫苗,例如活脊髓灰质炎、麻疹-流行性腮腺炎-风疹或水痘活疫苗。

临床试验

探索 Mayo Clinic 的研究 测试新的治疗、干预与检查方法,旨在预防、检测、治疗或控制这种疾病。

在 Mayo Clinic 治疗

Sept. 09, 2022

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