诊断

在妙佑医疗国际接种流感疫苗

妙佑医疗国际在亚利桑那州、佛罗里达州和明尼苏达州提供流感疫苗接种。

了解如何在妙佑医疗国际接种流感疫苗

医生体检后查看流行性感冒体征和症状,还可能安排检查来检测流行性感冒病毒。

流行性感冒高发季节,可能不需要做流行性感冒检查。医生可能根据您的体征和症状诊断。

某些情况下,医生可能建议您做流行性感冒检查。医生可能会采用多种检查来诊断流行性感冒。聚合酶链式反应 (PCR) 检测在很多医院和实验室变得更为常见。这项检测可能在医生办公室进行或住院进行。PCR 检测比其他检查更灵敏,可能识别流行性感冒种类。

COVID-19流行病期间,可能用一项检查同时诊断流行性感冒和COVID-19。可能同时患COVID-19和流行性感冒。

治疗

您通常只需充分休息和大量喝水,流感就能自愈。但如果您严重感染或者更容易出现并发症,您的医生可能会开一种抗病毒药来治疗流感。这些药物可能包括奥司他韦、扎那米韦、帕拉米韦或 Baloxavir(Xofluza)。这些药物可以将发病时间缩短一天左右,并且有助于预防严重的并发症。

奥司他韦是一种口服药。通过类似于哮喘吸入器的装置吸入扎那米韦,但患有某些慢性呼吸系统疾病(例如哮喘和肺病)的人不宜使用。

抗病毒药的副作用可能包括恶心和呕吐。在进食时服用这些药物可以缓解这些副作用。

流行性感冒的大多数流行病毒株对金刚烷胺和金刚乙胺产生了抗性,因此医务人员不再推荐使用这两种很久以前的抗病毒药。

生活方式与家庭疗法

如果您得了流感,以下措施可能有助于缓解您的症状:

  • 多摄入液体。选择水、果汁和温汤以防止脱水。
  • 休息。多睡觉,帮助免疫系统对抗感染。您可能需要根据症状改变活动水平。
  • 考虑使用止痛药。使用非处方止痛药,如对乙酰氨基酚(Tylenol 等)或布洛芬(Advil、Motrin IB 等),以对抗与流行性感冒相关的疼痛。处于流感样症状恢复期的儿童和青少年不应服用阿司匹林,因为有瑞氏综合征(一种罕见但有潜在致命危险的疾病)的患病风险。

为帮助控制您所在社区的流行性感冒传播,请呆在家中,并让生病的孩子呆在家里直到发热消退 24 小时。除非您正在接受医疗护理,否则在您感觉好些之前,不要和其他人在一起。如果您真的需要离家接受治疗,请戴上口罩。经常洗手。

Nov. 01, 2021
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