Departments and specialties

Mayo Clinic has one of the largest and most experienced practices in the United States, with campuses in Arizona, Florida and Minnesota. Staff skilled in dozens of specialties work together to ensure quality care and successful recovery.


Doctors, surgeons and other healthcare professionals trained in gender-affirming voice therapy and surgery are working to improve care for people living with gender dysphoria.


See a list of publications about transgender therapy and surgery by Mayo Clinic doctors on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine.

Gender-affirming (transgender) voice therapy and surgery care at Mayo Clinic

May 14, 2024
  1. Coleman E, et al. Standards of Care for the Health of Transgender and Gender Diverse People. 8th version. International Journal of Transgender Health. 2022; doi:10.1080/26895269.2022.2100644.
  2. Shefcik G, et al. Voice-related experiences of nonbinary individuals (VENI) development and content validity. Journal of Voice. 2023; doi:10.1016/j.jvoice.2020.12.037.
  3. Tangpricha V, et al. Transgender women: Evaluation and management. Accessed Sept. 20, 2023.
  4. Kim H-T. Vocal feminization for transgender women: Current strategies and patient perspectives. International Journal of General Medicine. 2020; doi:10.2147/IJGM.S205102.
  5. Yilmaz T, et al. Laser reduction glottoplasty for voice feminization: Experience on 28 patients. The Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology. 2021; doi:10.1177/0003489421993728.
  6. Leung Y, et al. Voice, articulation and prosody contribute to listener perceptions of speaker gender: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research. 2018; doi:10.1044/2017_JSLHR-S-17-0067.
  7. Russell MR, et al. Transgender and nonbinary adolescents: The role of voice and communication therapy. Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups. 2019; doi:10.1044/2019_PERSP-19-00034.
  8. Health Education & Content Services. Gender-affirming voice therapy. Mayo Clinic; 2023.
  9. Bultynck C, et al. Thyroplasty type III to lower the vocal pitch in trans men. Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery. 2021; doi:10.1177/0194599820937675.
  10. Orbelo DM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic. Oct. 11, 2023.

Gender-affirming (transgender) voice therapy and surgery