Certain factors may affect your risk of developing morphea, including:
Sept. 29, 2015
- Your sex and age. Females are more likely to develop morphea than are males. The condition can affect people at any age. It usually appears between the ages of 2 and 14 or in the mid-40s.
- Your race. Morphea is more prevalent among Caucasians.
- AskMayoExpert. Morphea. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
- Goldsmith LA, et al., eds. Morphea. In: Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. 8th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012.
- Ravelli NF, et al. Interventions for morphea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. http://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com/sp-3.16.0b/ovidweb.cgi. Accessed Aug. 6, 2015.
- Tolkachjov SN, et al. Progressive hemifacial atrophy: A review. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. 2015;10:39.
- Sartori-Valinoitt JC, et al. Updates on morphea: Role of vascular injury and advances in treatment. Autoimmune Diseases. 2013;2013:467808.
- Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA). Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. http://naturaldatabase.therapeuticresearch.com/nd/PrintVersion.aspx?cs=MAYO&s=ND. Accessed Aug. 6, 2015.
- Valanclene G, et al. Pathogenesis and treatment modalities of localized scleroderma. Medicina (Kaunas). 2010;46:649.