Because so little is known about the bacterium that causes Whipple disease, risk factors for the disease haven't been clearly identified. Based on available reports, it appears more likely to affect:
Oct. 24, 2015
- People ages 40 to 60
- Whites in North America and Europe
- Farmers and other people who work outdoors and have frequent contact with sewage and wastewater
- AskMayoExpert. Whipple disease. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
- Apstein MD, et al. Whipple disease. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 11, 2015.
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- Longo DL, et al., eds. Disorders of absorption. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2015. http://accessmedicine.com. Accessed Sept. 16, 2015.
- Whipple disease. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/whipple/. Accessed Sept. 16, 2015.
- Whipple disease. National Organization for Rare Disorders. http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/90/printFullReport. Accessed Sept. 16, 2015.
- Plaquenil. Physicians' Desk Reference. http://www.pdrhealth.com/drugs/plaquenil. Accessed Sept. 16, 2015.