A number of strategies can help a person with traumatic brain injury cope with complications that affect everyday activities, communication and interpersonal relationships. Depending on the severity of injury, a family caregiver or friend may need to help implement the following approaches:
May 15, 2014
- Join a support group. Talk to your doctor or rehabilitation therapist about a support group that can help you talk about issues related to your injury, learn new coping strategies and get emotional support.
- Write things down. Keep a record of important events, people's names, tasks or other things that are difficult to remember.
- Follow a routine. Keep a consistent schedule, keep things in designated places to avoid confusion, and take the same routes when going to frequently visited destinations.
- Take breaks. Make arrangements at work or school to take breaks as needed.
- Alter work expectations or tasks. Appropriate changes at work or school may include having instructions read to you, allowing more time to complete tasks or breaking down tasks into smaller steps.
- Avoid distractions. Minimize distractions such as loud background noise from a television or radio.
- Stay focused. Work on one task at a time.
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- Traumatic brain injury (TBI). American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/tbi/. Accessed Feb. 7, 2014.
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- What can I do to help prevent traumatic brain injury? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/prevention.html. Accessed Feb. 7, 2014.
- Brown AW (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 26, 2014.
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