Hashimoto's disease is a condition in which your immune system attacks your thyroid, a small gland at the base of your neck below your Adam's apple. The thyroid gland is part of your endocrine system, which produces hormones that coordinate many of your body's functions.
Inflammation from Hashimoto's disease, also known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, often leads to an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism). Hashimoto's disease is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the United States. It primarily affects middle-aged women but also can occur in men and women of any age and in children.
Doctors test your thyroid function to help detect Hashimoto's disease. Treatment of Hashimoto's disease with thyroid hormone replacement usually is simple and effective.
Nov. 17, 2016
- Hashimoto's thyroiditis. American Thyroid Association. http://www.thyroid.org/hashimotos-thyroiditis/. Accessed Oct. 12, 2016.
- Goldman L, et al., eds. Thyroid. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 12, 2016.
- Davies TF. Pathogenesis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (chronic autoimmune thyroiditis). http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 4, 2016.
- Frequently asked questions: Hashimoto's disease. Office on Women's Health. https://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/hashimoto-disease.html. Accessed Oct. 4, 2016.
- Melmed S, et al. Hypothyroid and thyroiditis. In: Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 4, 2016.
- Ross DS. Treatment of hypothyroidism. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 4, 2016.
- Nippoldt TB (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Oct. 25, 2016.
- Thyroid hormone treatment. American Thyroid Association. http://www.thyroid.org/thyroid-hormone-treatment/. Accessed Oct. 26, 2016.