Factors that may increase the risk of familial Mediterranean fever include:

  • Having a family history of the disease. If you have a family history of familial Mediterranean fever, your risk of the disease is increased.
  • Being of Mediterranean ancestry. If your family can trace its history to the Mediterranean region, your risk of the disease may be increased. Familial Mediterranean fever can affect any ethnic group, but it may be more likely in Sephardic Jews, Arabs, Italians, Armenians and Turks.
Aug. 21, 2015