Treatments and drugs

By Mayo Clinic Staff

The type of emergency treatment for a diabetic coma depends on whether your blood sugar level is too high or too low.

High blood sugar

If your blood sugar level is too high, you may need:

  • Intravenous fluids to restore water to your tissues
  • Potassium, sodium or phosphate supplements to help your cells function correctly
  • Insulin to help your tissues absorb the glucose in your blood
  • Treatment for any underlying infections

Low blood sugar

If your blood sugar level is too low, you may be given a glucagon injection, which will cause your blood sugar level to quickly rise. Intravenous dextrose may also be given to raise blood glucose levels.

Consciousness typically returns when blood sugar reaches a normal level.

May 22, 2015

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