Description and Brand Names

Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex

Descriptions


Tivozanib is used to treat advanced kidney cancer (renal cell carcinoma) in patients who have received at least 2 or more cancer treatment and has come back or did not work well.

Tivozanib is an antineoplastic agent (cancer medicine). It interferes with the growth of cancer cells, which are eventually destroyed.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Capsule

Before Using

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of tivozanib in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of tivozanib in the elderly.

Breastfeeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Drug Interactions

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Apalutamide
  • Carbamazepine
  • Enzalutamide
  • Fedratinib
  • Fexinidazole
  • Fosphenytoin
  • Lumacaftor
  • Mitotane
  • Phenytoin
  • Rifampin
  • St John's Wort

Other Interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Allergy to aspirin—Use with caution. This medicine contains a yellow dye called tartrazine, which may cause allergic reactions (including asthma) in patients with this condition.
  • Bleeding problems, or history of or
  • Blood clotting problems (eg, arterial thromboembolism, venous thromboembolism), history of or
  • Heart attack, history of or
  • Heart failure, history of or
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure) or
  • Stroke, history of or
  • Thyroid problems—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Liver disease, moderate—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.

Proper Use

Medicines used to treat cancer are very strong and can have many side effects. Before receiving this medicine, make sure you understand all the risks and benefits. It is important for you to work closely with your doctor during your treatment.

Take this medicine exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may increase the chance of unwanted effects.

This medicine comes with a patient information insert. Read and follow the instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

Swallow the capsule whole with a glass of water. Do not open, break, crush, or chew it. You may take this medicine with or without food.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (capsules):
    • For advanced kidney cancer:
      • Adults—1.34 milligrams (mg) once a day for 21 days, followed by 7 days without treatment. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of this medicine, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits for any unwanted effects from the medicine. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

Using this medicine while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. This medicine may also cause birth defects if the father is using it when his sexual partner becomes pregnant. If you are a woman who can get pregnant, your doctor may do tests to make sure you are not pregnant before starting treatment. Female patients should use an effective form of birth control during treatment with this medicine and for at least 1 month after the last dose. Male patients who have female partners should use effective birth control during treatment with this medicine and for at least 1 month after the last dose. If you think you have become pregnant or your partner has become pregnant while using this medicine, tell your doctor right away.

If you plan to have children, talk with your doctor before using this medicine. Some men and women using this medicine have become infertile (unable to have children).

Your doctor will check your blood pressure on a regular basis while you are using this medicine. You might need to monitor your blood pressure at home. Tell your doctor right away if you have a severe headache, lightheadedness, or changes in your vision.

Check with your doctor right away if you have chest pain or tightness, decreased urine output, dilated neck veins, irregular or trouble breathing, irregular heartbeat, swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs, unusual tiredness or weakness, or weight gain. These may be symptoms of a serious heart problem (eg, heart failure).

This medicine may increase your risk of developing blood clots. Check with your doctor right away if you have swelling and pain in your arms, legs, or stomach, chest pain, difficulty with breathing, loss of sensation, confusion, or problems with muscle control or speech.

This medicine may increase your risk of bleeding. Tell your doctor right away if you cough up blood or have bleeding gums, difficulty with breathing or swallowing, dizziness, increased menstrual flow or vaginal bleeding, nosebleeds, prolonged bleeding from cuts, red or dark brown urine, or red or black, tarry stools. Stay away from rough sports or other situations where you could be bruised, cut, or injured. Brush and floss your teeth gently. Be careful when using sharp objects, including razors and fingernail clippers.

This may increase the levels of protein in your urine, which may lead to kidney damage. Tell your doctor right away if you have cloudy urine.

This medicine may affect the way your body heals from cuts and wounds. Make sure any doctor who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. You may need to stop using this medicine at least 24 days before having a surgery. Wait for at least 2 weeks after major surgery, or until adequate wound healing before taking this medicine again.

This medicine may increase your chance of having a brain condition called reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS). Check with your doctor right away if you have headaches, seizures, extreme drowsiness, confusion, or problems with vision while you are using this medicine.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.

Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common

  1. Agitation
  2. back pain
  3. black, tarry stools
  4. bleeding from the rectum or bloody stools
  5. bleeding gums
  6. blood in the urine
  7. bloody nose
  8. blurred vision
  9. change in consciousness
  10. cloudy urine
  11. collection of blood under the skin
  12. confusion
  13. confusion as to time, place, or person
  14. constipation
  15. coughing or spitting up blood
  16. decreased urine output
  17. deep, dark purple bruise
  18. depressed mood
  19. depression
  20. difficulty in swallowing
  21. dilated neck veins
  22. dizziness
  23. drowsiness
  24. dry skin and hair
  25. enlarged pupils
  26. feeling cold
  27. fever
  28. hair loss
  29. heavy nonmenstrual vaginal bleeding
  30. hoarseness or husky voice
  31. holding false beliefs that cannot be changed by fact
  32. hostility
  33. increased menstrual flow or vaginal bleeding
  34. increased sensitivity of the eyes to light
  35. increased sweating, possibly with fever or cold, clammy skin
  36. irregular breathing
  37. irregular heartbeat
  38. irritability
  39. itching
  40. lethargy
  41. loss of consciousness
  42. muscle cramps, stiffness, twitching
  43. nausea
  44. nervousness
  45. nosebleeds
  46. pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck
  47. pain, redness, or swelling in the arm or leg
  48. pains in the chest, groin, or legs, especially calves of the legs
  49. paralysis
  50. pounding in the ears
  51. prolonged bleeding from cuts
  52. red or dark brown urine
  53. red or black, tarry stools
  54. seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
  55. seizures
  56. sensitivity to heat
  57. severe chest pain
  58. severe headache
  59. slow or fast heartbeat
  60. sore throat
  61. stiff or sore neck
  62. stupor
  63. sudden loss of coordination
  64. sudden onset of slurred speech
  65. sudden onset of trouble breathing for no apparent reason
  66. sudden vision changes
  67. swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs
  68. tightness in the chest
  69. trouble breathing
  70. trouble healing
  71. trouble sleeping
  72. unusual excitement, nervousness, or restlessness
  73. unusual tiredness or weakness
  74. voice changes
  75. vomiting
  76. vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds
  77. weight gain or loss

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

  1. Blistering, crusting, irritation, itching, or reddening of the skin
  2. blistering, peeling, loosening of the skin
  3. cracked, dry, scaly skin
  4. cough
  5. decreased appetite
  6. diarrhea
  7. dry, flaky, scaling skin on the scalp, eyebrows, near the ears, and around the nose
  8. increased sensitivity of skin to sunlight
  9. joint or muscle pain
  10. lack or loss of strength
  11. rash with flat lesions or small raised lesions on the skins
  12. red, irritated eyes
  13. redness or other discoloration of skin
  14. severe sunburn
  15. skin rash, encrusted, scaly and oozing
  16. sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
  17. swelling
  18. swelling or inflammation of the mouth

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.