Description and Brand Names

Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex

US Brand Name

  1. Requip
  2. Requip XL

Descriptions


Ropinirole is used alone or with other medicines to treat Parkinson's disease.

Ropinirole tablets are also used to treat a condition called Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS). RLS is a neurologic disorder that affects sensation and movement in the legs and causes the legs to feel uncomfortable. This results in an overwhelming feeling of wanting to move your legs to make them comfortable.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Tablet, Extended Release
  • Tablet

Before Using

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of ropinirole in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of ropinirole in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related liver problems or to develop hallucinations (seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there), which may require caution in patients receiving ropinirole.

Breastfeeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Drug Interactions

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

  • Sulpiride

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Haloperidol
  • Metoclopramide
  • Olanzapine
  • Warfarin

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Kava

Other Interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following may cause an increased risk of certain side effects but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use this medicine, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Dyskinesia (trouble controlling your muscles) or
  • Heart or heart rhythm problems or
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure) or
  • Hypotension (low blood pressure) or
  • Mental illness (eg, hallucinations, psychosis) or
  • Postural hypotension (lightheadedness, or fainting when getting up from a lying or sitting position)—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Kidney disease or
  • Liver disease—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.
  • Sleep disorders or
  • Sleepiness, history of—May cause side effects to be worse.

Proper Use

Take this medicine every day exactly as ordered by your doctor in order to improve your condition as much as possible. Do not take more of it or less of it, and do not take it more or less often than your doctor ordered.

This medicine comes with a patient information leaflet. Read and follow the instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

This medicine may be taken with or without food, or on an empty or full stomach. Taking this medicine with food may reduce nausea.

The extended-release tablets work differently from the regular tablets, even at the same dose. Do not switch from one form to the other unless your doctor tells you to.

Swallow the extended-release tablet whole. Do not split, crush, or chew it.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (extended-release tablets):
    • For Parkinson's disease:
      • Adults—At first, 2 milligrams (mg) once a day for 1 to 2 weeks. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated. However, the dose is usually not more than 24 mg per day.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
  • For oral dosage form (tablets):
    • For Parkinson's disease:
      • Adults—At first, 0.25 milligram (mg) 3 times a day. Your doctor will adjust your dose as needed and tolerated. However, the dose is usually not more than 24 mg per day.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • For Restless Legs Syndrome:
      • Adults—At first, 0.25 milligrams (mg) once a day, 1 to 3 hours before bedtime. Your doctor will adjust your dose as needed and tolerated. However, the dose is usually not more than 4 mg per day.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of this medicine, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions

It is important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to allow changes in your dose and to check for any unwanted effects.

Do not stop taking this medicine without first checking with your doctor. Your doctor may want you to reduce gradually the amount you are taking before stopping completely. Stopping this medicine suddenly may cause fever, confusion, or severe muscle stiffness.

People taking ropinirole have reported falling asleep without warning during activities of daily living, including driving, which sometimes resulted in accidents. This may happen as late as one year after taking the medicine. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are not alert, well-coordinated, or able to think or see well.

Check with your doctor before using this medicine with alcohol or other medicines that affect the central nervous system (CNS). This medicine will add to the effects of alcohol and other CNS depressants (medicines that make you drowsy or less alert). Some examples of medicines that affect the CNS are antihistamines or medicine for allergies or colds, sedatives, tranquilizers, or sleeping medicines, prescription pain medicine or narcotics, medicine for seizures or barbiturates, muscle relaxants, or anesthetics, including some dental anesthetics.

Check with your doctor right away if you have confusion, trouble breathing, a fast heartbeat, a high fever, high or low blood pressure, increased sweating, or severe muscle stiffness. These could be symptoms of a serious condition called neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS).

Dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting may occur, especially when you get up from a lying or sitting position. These symptoms are more likely to occur when you begin taking this medicine, or when the dose is increased. Getting up slowly may help. If you should have this problem, check with your doctor.

Hallucinations (seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there) may occur in some patients. This is more common with elderly patients. If you have hallucinations, check with your doctor.

Smoking may decrease the treatment effects of this medicine. It is best to avoid smoking while you are using it. If you have any questions about this, check with your doctor.

This medicine may increase your risk for skin cancer, including melanoma. It is important that your doctor check your skin regularly if you have Parkinson's disease. Check your doctor right away if you have a new mole, change in size, shape, or color of existing mole, or mole that leaks fluid or bleeds.

Some people who have used this medicine had unusual changes in their behavior, including an urge to gamble, spend money, binge eat, or an increased sex drive. Talk with your doctor if this is a concern for you.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.

Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common

  1. Confusion
  2. dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
  3. drowsiness
  4. falling
  5. nausea
  6. seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there (hallucinations)
  7. sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
  8. swelling of the legs
  9. twisting, twitching, or other unusual body movements
  10. unusual tiredness or weakness
  11. worsening of parkinsonism

Less common

  1. Bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
  2. blood in the urine
  3. blurred vision
  4. burning, pain, or difficulty in urinating
  5. chest pain or tightness
  6. chills
  7. cold sweats
  8. cough
  9. double vision or other eye or vision problems
  10. fainting
  11. fear or nervousness
  12. feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
  13. high or low blood pressure
  14. irregular or pounding heartbeat
  15. loss of memory
  16. mental depression
  17. pain in the arms or legs
  18. pounding in the ears
  19. rapid weight gain
  20. sensation of spinning
  21. slow or fast heartbeat
  22. sore throat
  23. stomach pain
  24. sweating
  25. tingling of the hands or feet
  26. tingling, numbness, or prickly feelings
  27. trouble in concentrating
  28. trouble breathing
  29. unusual weight gain or loss
  30. vomiting

Rare

  1. Anxiety
  2. buzzing or ringing in the ears
  3. changes in vision
  4. fever
  5. headache
  6. joint pain
  7. loss of bladder control
  8. muscle cramps, pain, or spasms
  9. runny or stuffy nose
  10. sneezing
  11. trouble with swallowing
  12. unusual urges

Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:

Symptoms of overdose

  1. Agitation
  2. chest pain
  3. chills
  4. cold sweats
  5. confusion
  6. dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from lying or sitting position
  7. fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
  8. grogginess
  9. increase in unusual body movements, especially of the face or mouth
  10. increased coughing
  11. increased sweating
  12. lack or loss of strength
  13. nightmares
  14. sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
  15. twitching, twisting, uncontrolled repetitive movements of tongue, lips, face, arms, or legs
  16. vomiting

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common

  1. Abnormal dreams
  2. acid or sour stomach
  3. back pain
  4. belching
  5. decrease in sexual desire or performance
  6. difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
  7. dryness of mouth
  8. flushing
  9. general feeling of discomfort or illness
  10. heartburn or gas
  11. hot flashes
  12. indigestion
  13. loss of appetite
  14. tremor
  15. weight loss
  16. yawning

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.