Description and Brand Names

Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex

US Brand Name

  1. Visipaque

Descriptions


Iodixanol injection is used to help diagnose or find problems in the brain, heart, head, blood vessels, kidneys, bladder, and other parts of the body. It is an iodinated contrast agent. Contrast agents are used to create a clear picture of the different parts of the body during certain medical procedures, such as CT scans and angiography.

This medicine is to be given only by or under the supervision of a doctor.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Solution

Before Using

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of iodixanol injection in children. However, some children may have more unwanted side effects which may require caution in patients receiving iodixanol injection.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of iodixanol injection in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related liver, kidney, or heart problems, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving this medicine.

Breastfeeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Drug Interactions

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

  • Metformin

Other Interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Allergic rhinitis (hay fever) or
  • Allergy to a contrast agent, history of or
  • Allergy to iodine or
  • Asthma—Use with caution. May increase risk of having allergic reactions.
  • Anuria (not able to pass urine) or
  • Blood vessel disease, severe or
  • Congestive heart failure or
  • Dehydration or
  • Diabetes or
  • Kidney disease or
  • Multiple myeloma (cancer of plasma cells) or
  • Paraproteinemia (high amount of paraprotein in the blood)—May increase risk of having kidney failure.
  • Blood clotting problems (eg, phlebitis, thrombosis) or
  • Heart or blood vessel disease or
  • Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) or
  • Kidney disease, severe or
  • Liver disease or
  • Pheochromocytoma (adrenal problem) or
  • Sickle cell anemia (inherited blood disorder)—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Homocystinuria (genetic disease)—Patients with this condition should avoid undergoing angiography because of the increase risk of having blood clotting problems.

Proper Use

A doctor or other trained health professional will give you this medicine in a hospital. This medicine is given through a needle placed in an artery or a vein.

Drink extra fluids so you will pass more urine while you or your child are receiving this medicine. This may help prevent kidney problems.

You may also receive other medicines (including allergy medicine, steroids) to help prevent allergic reactions.

Precautions

It is very important that your doctor check the progress of you or your child closely while you are receiving this medicine to see if the medicine is working properly and to decide if you should continue to receive it. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for any unwanted effects.

This medicine may cause heart attack, stroke, and blood clotting problems during angiographic procedures. Tell your doctor right away if you or your child has chest pain that may spread to your arms, jaw, back, or neck, trouble breathing, nausea, unusual sweating, faintness, coughing up blood, numbness or weakness in your arm or leg, or on one side of your body, sudden or severe headache, or problems with vision, speech, or walking after receiving this medicine.

Check with your doctor right away if you have bloody urine, a decrease in frequency or amount of urine, an increase in blood pressure, increased thirst, loss of appetite, lower back or side pain, nausea, swelling of the face, fingers, or lower legs, trouble breathing, unusual tiredness or weakness, vomiting, or weight gain. These could be symptoms of a serious kidney problem.

This medicine may cause a serious allergic reaction, including anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor right away if you have a rash, itching, hoarseness, trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth after using this medicine.

Serious skin reactions, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), and acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis can occur with this medicine. Check with your doctor right away if you have black, tarry stools, blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin, chest pain, chills, cough, diarrhea, fever, itching, joint or muscle pain, painful or difficult urination, red irritated eyes, red skin lesions, often with a purple center, sore throat, sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips, swollen glands, unusual bleeding or bruising, or unusual tiredness or weakness.

This medicine may cause hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) in children 3 years of age and younger. Check with your doctor right away if your child has depressed mood, dry skin and hair, feeling cold, hair loss, hoarseness or a husky voice, muscle cramps and stiffness, slowed heartbeat, weight gain, or unusual tiredness or weakness.

Tell your doctor right away if you or your child have mild, burning pain, feeling of warmth or coldness, peeling of the skin, redness, or swelling at the injection site.

Make sure your doctor knows if you or your child have had an allergic reaction to any dye or medicine given during a test or procedure.

While using this medicine, you may be exposed to radiation. Talk with your doctor if you have concerns about this.

Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. This medicine may affect the results of certain medical tests.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.

Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Less common

  1. Arm, back, or jaw pain
  2. chest pain, discomfort, tightness, or heaviness
  3. fainting
  4. fast or irregular heartbeat
  5. nausea
  6. sweating

Rare

  1. Agitation
  2. blurred vision
  3. coma
  4. confusion
  5. cough
  6. decreased urine output
  7. depression
  8. difficulty breathing
  9. dilated neck veins
  10. dizziness
  11. dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
  12. fainting
  13. feeling of warmth
  14. headache
  15. hostility
  16. irregular breathing
  17. irritability
  18. lethargy
  19. muscle twitching
  20. noisy breathing
  21. rapid weight gain
  22. redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest
  23. seizures
  24. severe or sudden headache
  25. stupor
  26. sudden loss of coordination
  27. sudden slurring of speech
  28. swelling of the face, hands, fingers, lower legs, ankles, or feet
  29. unusual tiredness or weakness
  30. vomiting

Incidence not known

  1. Bloating
  2. chest tightness
  3. chills
  4. constipation
  5. cough
  6. darkened urine
  7. depressed mood
  8. difficulty swallowing
  9. dry skin and hair
  10. fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
  11. feeling cold
  12. hair loss
  13. hives, itching, skin rash
  14. hoarseness or husky voice
  15. indigestion
  16. loss of appetite
  17. muscle cramps and stiffness
  18. nervousness
  19. no blood pressure or pulse
  20. pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site
  21. pains in the stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
  22. pounding in the ears
  23. problems with speech or speaking
  24. puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  25. sensitivity to heat
  26. slow or fast heartbeat
  27. stopping of the heart
  28. trouble sleeping
  29. unconsciousness
  30. weight gain or loss
  31. yellow eyes or skin

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common

  1. Bad, unusual, or unpleasant (after) taste
  2. burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", tingling feeling
  3. change in taste
  4. diarrhea
  5. feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
  6. itching or skin rash
  7. sensation of spinning

Rare

  1. Acidic or sour stomach
  2. anxiety
  3. belching
  4. continuing ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in the ears
  5. decreased awareness or responsiveness
  6. dry mouth
  7. general feeling of discomfort or illness
  8. hearing loss
  9. heartburn
  10. restlessness
  11. severe sleepiness
  12. shaking
  13. stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
  14. transient, mild, pleasant aromatic odor

Incidence not known

  1. Sneezing

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.