Description and Brand Names

Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex

US Brand Name

  1. Hyrimoz

Descriptions


Adalimumab-adaz injection is used to treat the symptoms and prevent the progression of moderate to severely active rheumatoid arthritis and active ankylosing spondylitis. It is used in children 4 years of age and older for juvenile idiopathic arthritis. This medicine is also used to treat psoriatic arthritis, which is a type of arthritis that causes pain and swelling in the joints along with patches of scaly skin on some areas of the body. Psoriatic arthritis usually occurs with a skin condition called psoriasis. Adalimumab-adaz may be used alone or in combination with other medicines (eg, methotrexate).

Adalimumab-adaz injection is also used to treat the symptoms of active Crohn's disease in adult patients who have not been helped by other medicines, including infliximab. It is also used to treat moderate to severe ulcerative colitis in patients who have been treated with other medicines (eg, azathioprine, corticosteroids, or 6-mercaptopurine) that did not work well.

Adalimumab-adaz injection is also used to treat moderate to severe chronic plaque psoriasis, which is a skin disease with red patches and white scales that do not go away.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of adalimumab-adaz injection for the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis in children 4 years of age and older. However, safety and efficacy have not been established in children younger than 2 years of age or weighing less than 10 kilograms (kg) for juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Safety and efficacy have not been established for other uses in children.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of adalimumab-adaz injection in the elderly. However, this medicine may cause serious infections and cancer more often in the elderly, which may require caution in patients receiving this medicine.

Breastfeeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Drug Interactions

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Abatacept
  • Adenovirus Vaccine
  • Anakinra
  • Bacillus of Calmette and Guerin Vaccine, Live
  • Cholera Vaccine, Live
  • Dengue Tetravalent Vaccine, Live
  • Infliximab
  • Influenza Virus Vaccine, Live
  • Measles Virus Vaccine, Live
  • Mumps Virus Vaccine, Live
  • Poliovirus Vaccine, Live
  • Rilonacept
  • Rotavirus Vaccine, Live
  • Rubella Virus Vaccine, Live
  • Smallpox Vaccine
  • Tofacitinib
  • Typhoid Vaccine
  • Varicella Virus Vaccine, Live
  • Yellow Fever Vaccine
  • Zoster Vaccine, Live

Other Interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Blood problems (eg, aplastic anemia, pancytopenia, thrombocytopenia), history of or
  • Congestive heart failure or
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome, history of or
  • Infections (fungal, bacterial), history of or
  • Leukopenia (low number of white blood cells) or
  • Multiple sclerosis or
  • Optic neuritis (eye problem) or
  • Psoriasis (skin disease)—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Cancer, active or history of or
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)—Use with caution. May increase the chance of getting new cancers.
  • Diabetes or
  • Hepatitis B, history of or
  • Opportunistic infections, history of or
  • Tuberculosis, history of—May increase chance for side effects.
  • Infection, active—Should not be used in patients with this condition.
  • Tuberculosis, active—Should be treated first before receiving this medicine.

Proper Use

This medicine is given as a shot under your skin in the upper thighs or stomach. It may sometimes be given at home to patients who do not need to be in the hospital or clinic. If you are using this medicine at home, your doctor or nurse will teach you how to prepare and inject the medicine. Be sure that you understand how to use this medicine.

This medicine comes with a Medication Guide and patient instructions. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

If you use this medicine at home, you will be shown the body areas where this shot can be given. Use a different body area each time you give yourself or your child a shot. Keep track of where you give each shot to make sure you rotate body areas. This will help prevent skin problems. Do not inject into skin areas that are red, bruised, tender, hard, or scaly, or areas with scars or stretch marks.

Allow 15 to 30 minutes for the medicine to warm up to room temperature. Do not remove the needle cover while allowing the medicine to reach to room temperature. Remove it before use.

Check the liquid in the syringe. It should be clear and colorless to slightly yellow. Do not use the syringe if it is cloudy, discolored, or has particles in it.

If you are using the Sensoready® pen, you will hear 2 loud clicks. The first click will tell you that the injection has started and the second click will tell you when it is almost finished. Keep the pen injected until you see a green indicator.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For injection dosage forms (prefilled syringe or Sensoready® pen):
    • For Crohn's disease:
      • Adults—At first (Day 1), 160 milligrams (mg) injected under the skin (four 40 mg injections in one day or two 40 mg injections a day for two days in a row). Then 2 weeks later (Day 15), a dose of 80 mg is given. A maintenance dose of 40 mg is given at week 4 (Day 29) and every other week thereafter.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • For juvenile idiopathic arthritis:
      • Children 4 years of age and older weighing 30 kilograms (kg) or more—40 milligrams (mg) injected under the skin every other week.
      • Children younger than 4 years of age weighing less than 30 kg—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • For plaque psoriasis:
      • Adults—At first, 80 milligrams (mg) injected under the skin, then 40 mg 1 week after the initial dose and every other week thereafter.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • For rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, or ankylosing spondylitis:
      • Adults—40 milligrams (mg) injected under the skin every other week. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • For ulcerative colitis:
      • Adults—At first (Day 1), 160 milligrams (mg) injected under the skin (four 40 mg injections in one day or two 40 mg injections a day for two days). Then 2 weeks later (Day 15), a dose of 80 mg is given. A maintenance dose of 40 mg is given at week 4 (Day 29) and every other week thereafter.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Store in the refrigerator. Do not freeze.

Keep it in its original container. Protect from light. You may also store this medicine at room temperature for up to 14 days. Do not store it in extremely cold or hot temperatures. Throw away any unused medicine after 14 days.

Throw away used syringes or pens in a hard, closed container that the needles cannot poke through. Keep this container away from children and pets.

Precautions

It is very important that your doctor check your or your child's progress at regular visits to make sure this medicine is working properly. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

You or your child will need to have a skin test for tuberculosis before you start using this medicine. Tell your doctor if you or anyone in your home has ever had a positive reaction to a tuberculosis skin test.

Adalimumab-adaz injection will lower the number of some types of blood cells in your body. Because of this, you may bleed or get infections more easily. To help with these problems, avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Wash your hands often. Stay away from rough sports or other situations where you could be bruised, cut, or injured. Brush and floss your teeth gently. Be careful when using sharp objects, including razors and fingernail clippers.

This medicine may cause other unwanted effects that may not occur until months or years after this medicine is used. A small number of people (including children and teenagers) who have used this type of medicine have developed certain types of cancer (eg, leukemia). Some patients also developed a rare type of cancer called lymphoma. Talk with your doctor if you or your child have unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, underarms, or groin, or unexplained weight loss. Also, check with your doctor right away if your skin has red, scaly patches, or raised bumps that are filled with pus.

Adalimumab-adaz injection may cause serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention. Check with your doctor right away if you or your child have a rash, itching, hoarseness, trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth after using this medicine.

The gray needle cap of the prefilled syringe and the gray needle cover within the needle cap of the Sensoready® pen contains natural rubber (a derivative of latex), which may cause allergic reactions in people who are sensitive to latex. Tell your doctor if you have a latex allergy before receiving this medicine.

Check with your doctor right away if you or your child have more than one of these symptoms: swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs, or sudden weight gain. These may be signs of a heart condition called congestive heart failure (CHF).

Some people who have used this medicine developed lupus-like symptoms during treatment and got better after the medicine was stopped. Check with your doctor right away if you or your child start having chest pains, joint pain, or a rash on your cheeks or arms that is sensitive to the sun.

Do not have any live vaccines (immunizations) while you or your child are being treated with adalimumab-adaz. Your child's vaccines need to be current before he or she begins using this medicine. Be sure to ask your child's doctor if you have any questions about this.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.

Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common

  1. Bladder pain
  2. bloody or cloudy urine
  3. body aches or pain
  4. chills
  5. cough
  6. difficult, burning, or painful urination
  7. difficulty in breathing
  8. ear congestion
  9. fever
  10. frequent urge to urinate
  11. headache
  12. loss of voice
  13. lower back or side pain
  14. nasal congestion
  15. runny nose
  16. sneezing
  17. sore throat
  18. unusual tiredness or weakness

Less common

  1. Abnormal healing
  2. anxiety
  3. black, tarry stools
  4. bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
  5. blue or pale skin
  6. blurred vision
  7. chest pain, possibly moving to the left arm, neck, or shoulder
  8. dark urine
  9. decreased vision
  10. diarrhea
  11. dizziness
  12. fainting
  13. fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
  14. fever with or without chills
  15. general feeling of tiredness or weakness
  16. hoarseness
  17. indigestion
  18. itching
  19. light-colored stools
  20. loss of appetite
  21. loss of strength or energy
  22. muscle pain or weakness
  23. nausea
  24. pain in the throat, arms, legs, or pelvis
  25. pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck
  26. painful or difficult urination
  27. rapid weight gain
  28. rash
  29. severe nausea or vomiting
  30. sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips or in the mouth
  31. stomach pain
  32. sweating
  33. tingling of the hands or feet
  34. unpleasant breath odor
  35. unusual bleeding or bruising
  36. unusual weight gain or loss
  37. vomiting
  38. vomiting of blood
  39. weakness
  40. yellow eyes or skin

Incidence not known

  1. Blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
  2. constipation
  3. dark urine
  4. indigestion
  5. itching joint or muscle pain
  6. pains in the stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
  7. red, irritated eyes
  8. red skin lesions, often with a purple center

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

  1. Back pain
  2. bleeding, blistering, burning, coldness, discoloration of the skin, feeling of pressure, hives, infection, inflammation, itching, lumps, numbness, pain, rash, redness, scarring, soreness, stinging, swelling, tenderness, tingling, ulceration, or warmth at the injection site

Incidence not known

  1. Hair loss, thinning of hair

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.