Overview

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare cancer that forms in the body's soft tissues, such as muscle and connective tissue. In rhabdomyosarcoma, the cancer cells look similar to immature muscle cells.

Rhabdomyosarcoma can occur at any age, but it most often affects children and young adults.

Rhabdomyosarcoma most commonly forms in the:

  • Head and neck
  • Bladder
  • Vagina
  • Prostate
  • Testes
  • Arms
  • Legs

Where rhabdomyosarcoma begins and the characteristics of the cells involved in the cancer helps determine your treatment options. Treatment options for rhabdomyosarcoma include chemotherapy, surgery and radiation therapy.

Rhabdomyosarcoma care at Mayo Clinic

Aug. 11, 2017
References
  1. Childhood rhabdomyosarcoma treatment (PDQ). National Cancer Institute. https://www.cancer.gov/types/soft-tissue-sarcoma/patient/rhabdomyosarcoma-treatment-pdq. Accessed Dec. 9, 2016.
  2. Soft tissue sarcoma. Fort Washington, Pa.: National Comprehensive Cancer Network. http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp. Accessed Dec. 9, 2016.
  3. Goldblum JR, et al. Rhabdomyosarcoma. In: Enzinger and Weiss's Soft Tissue Tumors. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 9, 2016.
  4. Rhabdomyosarcoma. Children's Oncology Group. http://www.childrensoncologygroup.org/index.php/rhabdomyosarcoma. Accessed Dec. 9, 2016.