Infographic: Blood Cancer Awareness

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Leukemia, Lymphoma & Myeloma

Understanding and treating a family of blood cancers.

Blood cancers are the second deadliest form of cancer.

Estimated Deaths in the U.S., 2016

  • Lung & Bronchus Cancer: 158,080
  • Blood Cancers: 58,320
  • Colorectal Cancer: 49,190
  • Pancreatic Cancer: 41,780
  • Breast Cancer: 40,890

Blood cancers come in many forms and are grouped into three major types.

Leukemia

  • Leukemia usually starts in bone marrow.
  • It creates abnormal white blood cells that don't function correctly and crowd out other cells.
  • There are 4 major types of leukemia:
    • Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
    • Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)
    • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
    • Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
  • These can be acute (progresses rapidly) or chronic (progresses slowly).

60,000 new cases each year

Lymphoma

  • Lymphomas start in the lymphatic system, which is part of the circulatory and immune systems of the body.
  • It creates abnormal white blood cells that grow and form masses and weaken the immune system.
  • Hodgkin lymphoma is one of the most curable cancers.
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphomas are a group of related cancers that can be fast or slow growing.

81,000 new cases each year

Myeloma

  • Myeloma typically starts in the bone marrow.
  • It consists of plasma cells, a type of white blood cell in bone marrow that is responsible for antibody production.
  • There are many forms, the most common being multiple myeloma.
  • Patients may have no symptoms in early stages.

30,000 new cases each year

A variety of treatment options are available depending on type.

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Targeted therapy
  • Biological therapy

You can help. Consider donating blood at a local blood donation center or registering as a bone marrow donor through the national Be The Match registry to directly help blood cancer patients.

Source: MayoClinic.org; LLS.org; Cancer.org

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