In-depth

Causes

Diabetic neuropathy

Complications

Managing diabetic neuropathy complications

Symptoms

Gas and gas pains

Intestinal gas can be embarrassing and sometimes painful. But a few simple measures can often provide relief.

Nausea and vomiting

Symptom Checker

Foot pain? Headache? Sore throat? Skin rash? Use the Symptom Checker to find out what's causing your symptom.

Unexplained weight loss

Nov. 14, 2017
References
  1. Feldman M, et al. Gastric neuromuscular function and neuromuscular disorders. In: Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Nov. 7, 2016.
  2. Gastroparesis. The National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/gastroparesis/Pages/facts.aspx. Accessed Nov. 7, 2016.
  3. AskMayoExpert. Gastroparesis. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  4. Camilleri M. lGastroparesis: Etiology, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 6, 2016.
  5. Bharucha AE. Epidemiology and natural history of gastroparesis. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America. 2015;44:9.
  6. Clinical guideline: Management of gastroparesis. Bethesda, Md.: American College of Gastroenterology. http://gi.org/guideline/management-of-gastroparesis/. Accessed Nov. 6, 2016.
  7. Bouras EP, et al. Gastroparesis: From concepts to management. Nutrition in Clinical Practice. 2013;28:437.
  8. Parrish CR. Nutritional considerations in the patient with gastroparesis. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America. 2015;44:83.
  9. Camilleri M. Treatment of gastroparesis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 6, 2016.
  10. Lembo A, et al. Relamorelin reduces vomiting frequency and severity and accelerates gastric emptying in adults with diabetic gastroparesis. Gastroenterology. 2016;151:87.
  11. Camilleri M. Novel diet, drugs, and gastric interventions for gastroparesis. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2016;14:1072.
  12. Hasler WL. Electrical stimulation for gastroparesis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 6, 2016.
  13. Stein BJ, et al. Gastroparesis: A review of current diagnosis and treatment options. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology. 2015;49:550.
  14. Parkman HP. Idiopathic gastroenterology. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America. 2015;44:59.
  15. Levinthal DJ, et al. Systematic review and meta-analysis: Gastric electrical stimulation for gastroparesis. Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical. In press. Accessed Nov. 6, 2016.
  16. Lal Nikhil, et al. Gastric electrical stimulation with the Enterra System: A systematic review. Gastroenterology Research and Practice. 2015;2015:1.
  17. Lee LA, et al. Complementary and alternative medicine for gastroparesis. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America. 2015;44:137.
  18. Pasricha PJ, et al.Outcomes and factors associated with reduced symptoms in patients with gastroparesis. Gastroenterology. 2015;149:1762.
  19. Brown A. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Nov. 11, 2016.