- BS - Nutrition and Food Science University of Arizona
- MD - Medicine University of Arizona
- Internship Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
- Resident Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
- American Board of Anesthesiology
- Professor of Anesthesiology
- Autonomic control of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems
- Oxygen transport and gas exchange
- Blood substitutes and clinical transfusion practices
See a listing of publications on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine.
See a description of research activities.