Addison's disease occurs when your adrenal glands produce insufficient amounts of certain important hormones. Treatment may include taking corticosteroids.
Daily fevers, achy joints and an intermittent, salmon-pink rash may be an indication that you have a rare inflammatory disorder called adult Still's disease.
Back pain is a common reason for health care visits and missed work. Home treatment and proper body mechanics can help you feel better.
Brucellosis is an infectious disease that spreads from animals to people, mainly via unpasteurized dairy products. Travelers should take special care to avoid infection.
Learn about cancer, what it looks like and what causes it.
Celiac disease is an immune reaction to gluten, a protein found in certain foods. As a result, the body is unable to absorb some important nutrients.
Cold sores are common and annoying. You can't cure or prevent them, but you can take steps to lessen their frequency and duration.
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) includes a group of uncommon genetic disorders that mainly affect the joints, skin and walls of blood vessels.
Ehrlichiosis is a tick-borne disease that causes flu-like symptoms. When you're outdoors, be aware of steps to prevent tick bites.
Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain usually caused by a viral infection. Severe cases can cause brain damage, even death.
Hangovers are the unwelcome result of drinking too much alcohol. However unpleasant, most hangovers go away on their own within eight to 24 hours.
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is initiated by a rodent-carried virus that infects the lung tissues, bringing on flu-like symptoms, respiratory problems and even death.
Hepatitis C is a highly infectious disease that's usually contracted from contaminated blood.
The fungus that causes the lung disease histoplasmosis lurks in soil, chicken coops and caves. Find out if you're at risk.
More than 39 million people are living with HIV — the virus that causes AIDS. Millions more are likely to become infected in the next decade.
Although low levels of thyroid hormones (hypothyroidism) can leave you feeling tired and depressed, medications can help you live a normal life.
Flying across multiple time zones disrupts your natural body rhythms, leading to sleep problems and other symptoms. Learn how to put jet lag to rest.
Legionnaires' disease, a severe form of pneumonia, is caused by bacteria that can live in water in air conditioning systems, showers and spas.
Most people exposed to listeria don't become ill. But for those at risk of a listeria infection — a foodborne illness — the consequences can be severe.
Mixed connective tissue disease features signs and symptoms of a combination of disorders — primarily lupus, scleroderma and polymyositis.
Muscle cramps come on suddenly, and they're often painful. But self-care measures usually help.
Myofascial pain syndrome is caused by sensitive knots of tissue in your muscles.
Peripheral artery disease is a common circulation problem affecting the arteries carrying blood to your limbs. Painful in itself, it could signal larger circulatory problems.
Plague is a disease carried by rats and other rodents. The risk of developing plague is low, and most cases occur in Africa.
There are at least 50 kinds of pneumonia — a serious lung infection that takes the lives of more than 60,000 Americans every year.
One of the most feared diseases of the 20th century, polio has been eradicated from the developed world but remains a threat in less developed nations.
Porphyria is a group of inherited disorders that result from buildup of natural chemicals call porphyrins, which can cause nervous system and skin problems.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) can make you miserable in the days before your monthly period. Here's how to handle it — bloating, depression and all.
Pulmonary fibrosis results from scar tissue that forms in your lungs. This affects your ability to breathe and obtain enough oxygen.
Salmonella infection will cause only diarrhea and stomach pain in some people, but for infants and immunocompromised people, this bacterial illness can cause life-threatening complications.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) has sickened people worldwide. Although effective treatments aren't yet available, common-sense precautions may help you avoid infection.
Syphilis, a sexually transmitted infection, first appears as painless sores on your genitals, rectum or mouth. Early diagnosis is important.
Takayasu's arteritis is an uncommon form of vasculitis that affects the large arteries.
Trichinosis is a roundworm infection you get from eating undercooked, infected pork or other meats. Medications can eliminate the parasite and treat symptoms.
Ebola and Marburg viruses and yellow fever belong to a group of potentially deadly illnesses called viral hemorrhagic fevers. Find out about risk.
Apr. 09, 2013
- Kinirons M, et al. French's Index of Differential Diagnosis: An A-Z. 15th ed. London, England: Hodder Arnold; 2011:428.
- Shmerling RH. Approach to the patient with myalgia. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 31, 2013.
- Ropper AH, et al. Adams & Victor's Principles of Neurology. 9th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2009. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=54. Accessed Jan 31, 2013.
- LeBlond RF, et al. DeGowin's Diagnostic Examination. 9th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2009. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=534. Accessed Jan. 31, 2013.
- Sprains and strains. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. http://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/Sprains_Strains/default.asp. Accessed Jan. 31, 2013.
- Wilkinson JM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 3, 2013.