Proper Use

Drug information provided by: Micromedex

Take this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it and do not take or use it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. For patients taking any of the estrogens by mouth, try to take the medicine at the same time each day to reduce the possibility of side effects and to allow it to work better.

This medicine usually comes with patient information or directions. Read and follow the instructions in the insert carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

For patients taking any of the estrogens by mouth or by injection:

  • Nausea may occur during the first few weeks after you start taking estrogens. This effect usually disappears with continued use. If the nausea is bothersome, it can usually be prevented or reduced by taking each dose with food or immediately after food.

For patients using the transdermal (skin patch):

  • Wash and dry your hands thoroughly before and after handling the patch.
  • Apply the patch to a clean, dry, non-oily skin area of your lower abdomen, hips below the waist, or buttocks that has little or no hair and is free of cuts or irritation. The manufacturer of the 0.025-mg patch recommends that its patch be applied to the buttocks only. Furthermore, each new patch should be applied to a new site of application. For instance, if the old patch is taken off the left buttock, then apply the new patch to the right buttock.
  • Do not apply to the breasts. Also, do not apply to the waistline or anywhere else where tight clothes may rub the patch loose.
  • Press the patch firmly in place with the palm of your hand for about 10 seconds. Make sure there is good contact, especially around the edges.
  • If a patch becomes loose or falls off, you may reapply it or discard it and apply a new patch.
  • Each dose is best applied to a different area of skin on your lower abdomen, hips below the waist, or buttocks so that at least 1 week goes by before the same area is used again. This will help prevent skin irritation.

For patients using the topical emulsion (skin lotion):

  • Washing and drying hands thoroughly before each application.
  • Apply while you are sitting comfortably. Apply one pouch to each leg every morning.
  • Apply the entire contents of one pouch to clean, dry skin on the left thigh. Rub the emulsion into the entire thigh and calf for 3 minutes until thoroughly absorbed.
  • Apply entire contents of the second pouch to clean, dry skin on the right thigh. Rub the emulsion into the entire thigh and calf for 3 minutes until thoroughly absorbed.
  • Rub any remaining emulsion on both hands on the buttocks.
  • Washing and drying hands thoroughly after application.
  • To avoid transfer to other individuals, allow the application areas to dry completely before covering with clothing.

If you are using the Evamist® transdermal spray:

  • Spray the medicine on your skin on the inside of your forearm, between the elbow and the wrist.
  • Do not allow your child to touch the area of the arm where the medicine was sprayed. If you cannot avoid to come nearer with your child, wear clothes with long sleeves to cover the application site.
  • If your child comes in direct contact with the arm where the medicine was sprayed, wash your child's skin right away with soap and water.
  • Do not allow your pets to lick or touch the arm where the medicine was sprayed.

Dosing

The dose medicines in this class will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of these medicines. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

For conjugated estrogens

  • For oral dosage form (tablets):
    • For treating breast cancer in women after menopause and in men:
      • Adults—10 milligrams (mg) three times a day for at least 3 months.
    • For treating a genital skin condition (vulvar atrophy), inflammation of the vagina (atrophic vaginitis), or symptoms of menopause:
      • Adults—0.3 milligram (mg) a day. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day or only on certain days of the month. Your doctor may change the dose based on how your body responds to the medication.
    • To prevent loss of bone (osteoporosis):
      • Adults—0.3 milligram (mg) a day. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day or only on certain days of the month. Your doctor may change the dose based on how your body responds to the medication.
    • For treating ovary problems (female hypogonadism or for starting puberty):
      • Adults and teenagers—0.3 to 0.625 milligram (mg) a day. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine only on certain days of the month.
    • For treating ovary problems (failure or removal of both ovaries):
      • Adults—1.25 milligram (mg) a day. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day or only on certain days of the month.
    • For treating prostate cancer:
      • Adults—1.25 to 2.5 milligram (mg) three times a day.
  • For injection dosage form:
    • For controlling abnormal bleeding of the uterus:
      • Adults—25 milligrams (mg) injected into a muscle or vein. This may be repeated in six to twelve hours if needed.

For esterified estrogens

  • For oral dosage form (tablets):
    • For treating breast cancer in women after menopause and in men:
      • Adults—10 milligrams (mg) three times a day for at least three months.
    • For treating a genital skin condition (vulvar atrophy) or inflammation of the vagina (atrophic vaginitis), or to prevent loss of bone (osteoporosis):
      • Adults—0.3 to 1.25 mg a day. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day or only on certain days of the month.
    • For treating ovary problems (failure or removal of both ovaries):
      • Adults—1.25 mg a day. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day or only on certain days of the month.
    • For treating ovary problems (female hypogonadism):
      • Adults—2.5 to 7.5 mg a day. This dose may be divided up and taken in smaller doses. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day or only on certain days of the month.
    • For treating symptoms of menopause:
      • Adults—0.625 to 1.25 mg a day. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day or only on certain days of the month.
    • For treating prostate cancer:
      • Adults—1.25 to 2.5 mg three times a day.

For estradiol

  • For oral dosage form:
    • For treating breast cancer in women after menopause and in men:
      • Adults—10 milligrams (mg) three times a day for at least 3 months.
    • For treating a genital skin condition (vulvar atrophy), inflammation of the vagina (atrophic vaginitis), ovary problems (female hypogonadism or failure or removal of both ovaries), or symptoms of menopause:
      • Adults—At first, 1 to 2 milligrams (mg) one time per day for at least 3 months. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day or only on certain days of the month. Your doctor may also need to change the dose based on how your body responds to the medication.
    • For treating prostate cancer:
      • Adults—1 to 2 milligrams (mg) three times a day.
    • To prevent loss of bone (osteoporosis):
      • Adults—0.5 milligram (mg) a day. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day or only on certain days of the month.
  • For topical emulsion dosage form (skin lotion):
    • For treating symptoms of menopause:
      • Adults—1.74 grams (one pouch) applied to the skin of each leg (thigh and calf) once a day in the morning.
  • For transdermal dosage form (skin patches):
    • For treating a genital skin condition (vulvar atrophy), inflammation of the vagina (atrophic vaginitis), symptoms of menopause, ovary problems (female hypogonadism or failure or removal of both ovaries), or to prevent loss of bone (osteoporosis):

      For the Climara patches

      • Adults—0.025 to 0.1 milligram (mg) (one patch) applied to the skin and worn for one week. Then, remove that patch and apply a new one. A new patch should be applied once a week for three weeks. During the fourth week, you may or may not wear a patch. Your health care professional will tell you what you should do for this fourth week. After the fourth week, you will repeat the cycle.

      For the Alora, Estraderm, Estradot, Vivelle, or Vivelle-Dot patches

      • Adults—0.025 to 0.1 mg (one patch) applied to the skin and worn for one half of a week. Then, remove that patch and apply and wear a new patch for the rest of the week. A new patch should be applied two times a week for three weeks. During the fourth week, you may or may not apply new patches. Your health care professional will tell you what you should do for this fourth week. After the fourth week, you will repeat the cycle.

For estradiol cypionate

  • For injection dosage form:
    • For treating ovary problems (female hypogonadism):
      • Adults—1.5 to 2 milligrams (mg) injected into a muscle once a month.
    • For treating symptoms of menopause:
      • Adults—1 to 5 milligrams (mg) injected into a muscle every 3 to 4 weeks.

For estradiol valerate

  • For injection dosage form:
    • For treating a genital skin condition (vulvar atrophy), inflammation of the vagina (atrophic vaginitis), symptoms of menopause, or ovary problems (female hypogonadism or failure or removal of both ovaries):
      • Adults—10 to 20 milligrams (mg) injected into a muscle every 4 weeks as needed.
    • For treating prostate cancer:
      • Adults—30 milligrams (mg) injected into a muscle every 1 or 2 weeks.

For estrone

  • For injection dosage form:
    • For controlling abnormal bleeding of the uterus:
      • Adults—2 to 5 milligrams (mg) a day, injected into a muscle for several days.
    • For treating a genital skin condition (vulvar atrophy), inflammation of the vagina (atrophic vaginitis), or symptoms of menopause:
      • Adults—0.1 to 0.5 milligram (mg) injected into a muscle 2 or 3 times a week. Your doctor may want you to receive the medicine each week or only during certain weeks of the month.
    • For treating ovary problems (female hypogonadism or failure or removal of both ovaries):
      • Adults—0.1 to 1 milligram (mg) a week. This is injected into a muscle as a single dose or divided into more than one dose. Your doctor may want you to receive the medicine each week or only during certain weeks of the month.
    • For treating prostate cancer:
      • Adults—2 to 4 milligrams (mg) injected into a muscle 2 or 3 times a week.

For estropipate

  • For oral dosage form (tablets):
    • For treating a genital skin condition (vulvar atrophy), inflammation of the vagina (atrophic vaginitis), or symptoms of menopause:
      • Adults—0.75 to 6 milligrams (mg) a day. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day or only on certain days of the month.
    • For treating ovary problems (female hypogonadism or failure or removal of both ovaries):
      • Adults—1.5 to 9 milligrams (mg) a day. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day or only on certain days of the month.
    • To prevent loss of bone (osteoporosis):
      • Adults—0.75 milligram (mg) a day. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day for twenty-five days of a thirty-one–day cycle.

For ethinyl estradiol

  • For oral dosage form (tablets):
    • For treating breast cancer in women after menopause and in men:
      • Adults—1 milligram (mg) three times a day.
    • For treating ovary problems (female hypogonadism or failure or removal of both ovaries):
      • Adults—0.05 milligram (mg) one to three times a day for 3 to 6 months. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day or only on certain days of the month.
    • For treating prostate cancer:
      • Adults—0.15 to 3 milligrams (mg) a day.
    • For treating symptoms of menopause:
      • Adults—0.02 to 0.05 milligram (mg) a day. Your doctor may want you to take the medicine each day or only on certain days of the month.

For ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone

  • For oral dosage form (tablets):
    • For treating symptoms of menopause:
      • Adults—1 tablet (5 mcg ethinyl estradiol and 1 mg of norethindrone) each day.
    • To prevent loss of bone (osteoporosis):
      • Adults—1 tablet (5 mcg ethinyl estradiol and 1 mg of norethindrone) each day.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

If you miss a dose of this medicine, apply it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule.

If you forget to wear or change a patch, put one on as soon as you can. If it is almost time to put on your next patch, wait until then to apply a new patch and skip the one you missed. Do not apply extra patches to make up for a missed dose.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.