Treatments and drugs

By Mayo Clinic Staff

There is no specific treatment for the signs and symptoms of aura. Treatment for migraine with aura is similar to treatment for migraine without aura.

Pain-relieving medications

Medications used to relieve migraine pain work best when taken at the first sign of an oncoming migraine; for example, as soon as you notice signs and symptoms of a migraine aura beginning.

Types of medications that can be used to treat migraine pain include:

  • Over-the-counter or prescription pain relievers
  • Triptans, prescription drugs used specifically for migraine
  • Ergots, another family of drugs used for migraine
  • Dopamine antagonists, drugs that block dopamine receptors
  • Anti-nausea drugs, to help with nausea and vomiting

Preventive medications

Medications can help prevent frequent migraines, with or without aura. Your doctor may recommend preventive medications if you're having frequent or severe headaches. Preventive medication options include:

  • Blood pressure-lowering medications
  • Antidepressants
  • Anti-seizure drugs
  • Botox injections

Stress management

Cognitive behavioral therapy, a technique that teaches you more appropriate ways to deal with stressful situations, may help reduce the number of migraines you have.

June 04, 2013