Certain factors increase your risk of developing chronic exertional compartment syndrome, including:
Feb. 20, 2013
- Age. Although people of any age can develop chronic exertional compartment syndrome, the condition is most common in athletes under 30.
- Type of exercise. Exercise that involves repetitive impact activity — such as running or fast walking — increases your risk of developing the condition.
- Overtraining. Working out too intensely or too frequently also can raise your risk of chronic exertional compartment syndrome.
- Certain drugs. Taking anabolic steroids or the supplement creatine may increase the water content and mass of a muscle segment, contributing to the development of chronic exertional compartment syndrome.
- George CA, et al. Chronic exertional compartment syndrome. Clinics in Sports Medicine. 2012;31:307.
- Lee CH, et al. Chronic exertional compartment syndrome in adductor pollicis muscle: Case report. Journal of Hand Surgery. 2012;37A:2310.
- Compartment syndrome. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00204. Accessed Dec. 18, 2012.
- Aweid O, et al. Systematic review and recommendations for intracompartmental pressure monitoring in diagnosing chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the leg. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine. 2012;22:356.
- Meehan WP. Chronic exertional compartment syndrome. www.uptodate.com/index. Accessed Dec. 18, 2012.
- Rakel RE. Textbook of Family Medicine. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.mdconsult.com/das/book/body/191205553-4/0/1481/0.html#. Accessed Dec. 18, 2012.
- Canale ST, et al. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2008. http://www.mdconsult.com/das/book/body/208746819-4/0/1584/0.html. Accessed Dec. 18, 2012.
- Ringler MD, et al. MRI accurately detects chronic exertional compartment syndrome: A validation study. Skeletal Radiology. In press. Accessed Dec. 18, 2012.
- Laskowski ER (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Dec. 20, 2012.
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