Virtually any type of cancer can spread to the bones, but the cancers most likely to cause bone metastasis include:
April 10, 2015
- Breast cancer
- Kidney cancer
- Lung cancer
- Multiple myeloma
- Prostate cancer
- Thyroid cancer
- Walsh D, et al. Palliative Medicine. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2009. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 16, 2014.
- Yu HM, et al. Overview of the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of adult patients with bone metastasis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 2, 2015.
- Longo DL, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 18th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/book.aspx?bookid=331. Accessed Jan. 2, 2015.
- Niederhuber JE, et al., eds. Abeloff's Clinical Oncology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 16, 2014.
- Metastatic cancer. National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Sites-Types/metastatic. Accessed Jan. 2, 2015.
- Rosenthal D, et al. Critical review of the state of the art in interventional oncology: Benign and metastatic disease involving bone. Radiology. 2012;262:765.
- Moynihan TJ (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Jan. 11, 2015.