Painful urination (dysuria) is discomfort or burning with urination, usually felt in the tube that carries urine out of your bladder (urethra) or the area surrounding your genitals (perineum).
A number of conditions can cause painful urination (dysuria). In women, urinary tract infections are a common cause of painful urination. In men, urethritis and certain prostate conditions are frequent causes of painful urination.
Contact your doctor or make an appointment if:
- Your painful urination persists
- You have drainage or discharge from your penis or vagina
- Your urine is foul-smelling or cloudy, or you see blood in your urine
- You have a fever
- You have back pain or pain in your side (flank pain)
- You pass a kidney or bladder (urinary tract) stone
If you're pregnant, tell your doctor about any pain you have when you urinate.
Oct. 20, 2020
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- Henderson MC, et al. Dysuria. In: The Patient History: An Evidence-Based Approach to Differential Diagnosis. 2nd ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com. Accessed Aug. 3, 2017.
- Hooton TM, et al. Acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis in women. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed Aug. 3, 2017.
- Swygard H, et al. Approach to infectious causes of dysuria in the adult man. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed Aug. 3, 2017.