Autonomic Neurology Overview

People with serious signs and symptoms that affect their daily lives might be evaluated and treated by the doctors of the specialty group for autonomic neurology. The autonomic nervous system is important for controlling automatic functions of the body, such as sweating, blood pressure, heart rate, digestion and sexual response. People with autonomic problems may have many disabling symptoms, such as lightheadedness or fainting, constipation, bladder control problems, and sexual problems.

Your care team

Your neurologist works with experts in other specialties, including neuroradiology, sleep medicine, speech pathology, and physical medicine and rehabilitation. Your care team listens to you, conducts advanced diagnostic testing and then develops a personalized treatment plan so that you get the care you need.

Conditions and symptoms

Research advances that improve clinical care

Our clinician-researchers and scientists have long been active in clinical and basic science research to understand the cause of autonomic failure and to develop new treatments. This work led to the invention of a new test for postganglionic sudomotor function that has become the standard test nationwide. It's called the quantitative sudomotor axon reflex test (QSART).

Other successes and current endeavors include:

  • Recognizing new autonomic disorders such as chronic idiopathic anhidrosis
  • Describing POTS
  • Developing novel effective treatments for people with multiple system atrophy
  • Reliably recognizing preclinical multiple system atrophy

You may have the opportunity to participate in research studies and clinical trials as part of your treatment at Mayo Clinic.

Nationally recognized expertise

Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., and Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla., are ranked among the Best Hospitals for neurology and neurosurgery by U.S. News & World Report. Mayo Clinic in Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz., is ranked highly performing for neurology and neurosurgery by U.S. News & World Report. Mayo Clinic Children's Center in Rochester is ranked the No. 1 hospital in Minnesota, and the five-state region of Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin, according to U.S. News & World Report's 2022–2023 "Best Children's Hospitals" rankings.