RisksBy Mayo Clinic Staff
Thyroidectomy is generally a safe procedure. But as with any surgery, thyroidectomy carries a risk of complications.
Potential complications include:
Aug. 19, 2014
- Airway obstruction caused by bleeding
- Permanent hoarse or weak voice due to nerve damage
- Damage to the four small glands located behind your thyroid (parathyroid glands), which can lead to hypoparathyroidism, resulting in abnormally low calcium levels and an increased amount of phosphorus in your blood
- Brunicardi FC, ed., et al. Schwartz's Principles of Surgery. 9th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2010. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=50. Accessed June 4, 2014.
- Thyroid surgery. American Thyroid Association. http://www.thyroid.org/why-thyroid-surgery/. Accessed June 4, 2014.
- Thyroid disorders and surgery. American Academy of Otolaryngology — Head and Neck Surgery. http://www.entnet.org/content/thyroid-disorders-and-surgery. Accessed June 4, 2014.
- Ross DS. Surgery in the treatment of hyperthyroidism: Indications, preoperative preparation, and postoperative follow-up. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 4, 2014.
- Doherty GM, ed. Current Diagnosis & Treatment: Surgery. 13th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2010. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=23. Accessed June 4, 2014.
- Duke WS. Alternative approaches to the thyroid gland. Endocrinology & Metabolism Clinics of North America. 2014;43:459.