The most common cause of groin pain is muscle, tendon or ligament strain, particularly in athletes who play sports such as hockey, soccer and football. Groin pain may occur immediately after an injury, or pain may come on gradually over a period of weeks or even months. Groin pain may be worsened by continued use of the injured area.

Less commonly, a bone injury or fracture, a hernia or even kidney stones may cause groin pain. Although testicle pain and groin pain are different, a testicle condition can sometimes cause pain that spreads to the groin area.

Direct and indirect causes of groin pain can include:

  1. Avascular necrosis (death of bone tissue due to limited blood flow)
  2. Avulsion fracture: How is it treated? (ligament or tendon pulled from the bone)
  3. Bursitis (joint inflammation)
  4. Epididymitis (testicle inflammation)
  5. Hydrocele (swelling of the scrotum)
  6. Inguinal hernia
  7. Kidney stones
  8. Muscle strain
  9. Mumps
  10. Orchitis (inflamed testicle)
  11. Retractile testicle (testicle that moves between the scrotum and abdomen)
  12. Osteoarthritis
  13. Pinched nerve
  14. Piriformis syndrome
  15. Sciatica
  16. Sprains and strains
  17. Scrotal masses
  18. Spermatocele (fluid buildup in the testicle)
  19. Stress fractures
  20. Swollen lymph nodes
  21. Tendinitis
  22. Testicular cancer
  23. Testicular torsion (twisted testicle)
  24. Urinary tract infection
  25. Varicocele (enlarged veins in the scrotum)

Causes shown here are commonly associated with this symptom. Work with your doctor or other health care professional for an accurate diagnosis.

Feb. 18, 2011