In-depth

Bladder cancer

Bladder cancer is often diagnosed early — when it's most treatable. But even with successful treatment, bladder cancer survivors need follow-up tests for years to come.

Bladder stones

Bladder stones are small masses of minerals in your bladder — often forming as a result of an enlarged prostate, nerve damage or infection.

Cervicitis

Cervicitis, an inflammation of the cervix, can result from a sexually transmitted disease. You can take steps to reduce your risk.

Cystitis

Cystitis is an inflammation of the urinary bladder. It's most often caused by a bacterial infection but may have other causes.

Diabetes

Diabetes affects how your body uses blood sugar. Too much blood sugar over long periods can cause serious health problems, but treatments are available.

Diabetic coma

A diabetic coma is a medical emergency. Minimize the effects with prompt treatment.

Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome

Do you have type 2 diabetes? Find out what can happen if you don't follow your treatment plan or check your blood sugar regularly.

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious diabetes complication. Learn the warning signs — and know when to seek emergency care.

Epididymitis

Epididymitis is an inflammation of the tube at the back of the testicle (epididymis). The condition is usually treated with antibiotics.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs only during pregnancy. Controlling your blood sugar level can keep you and your baby healthy.

Hydrocele

A hydrocele is a generally harmless fluid-filled sac that surrounds a testicle, causing scrotal swelling. However, it may indicate a more serious condition.

Hypercalcemia

Hypercalcemia is a higher than normal calcium level in your blood. The most common causes are an overactive parathyroid gland and certain cancers.

Hyperglycemia in diabetes

Hyperglycemia in diabetes — Comprehensive overview covers causes, symptoms and treatments of high blood sugar.

Interstitial cystitis

Frequent urination and pelvic pain may indicate interstitial cystitis, a chronic bladder inflammation. There's no cure, but some treatments offer relief.

Interstitial lung disease

Interstitial lung disease causes scarring in the air sacs in the lungs, making breathing more difficult.

Kidney infection

Kidney infection can permanently damage your kidneys or allow bacteria to spread to your bloodstream. Seek immediate medical attention to avoid life-threatening complications.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones often recur. Find out what causes kidney stones and how to prevent them.

Mitral valve regurgitation

Mitral valve regurgitation occurs when blood flows backward in your heart because the mitral valve closes improperly.

Overactive bladder

Overactive bladder is a problem with bladder function that causes a sudden urge to urinate and may even lead to incontinence.

Pituitary tumors

Pituitary tumors are abnormal growths in the pituitary gland in the brain. Most are noncancerous (benign). Some may cause overproduction of hormones and associated problems.

Polycystic kidney disease

Polycystic kidney disease causes clusters of cysts to form in your kidneys. High blood pressure and kidney failure are common complications of this disorder.

Prediabetes

Learn how healthy eating, exercise and getting enough sleep can help you keep prediabetes from turning into type 2 diabetes.

Prostate gland enlargement

Can't go like you used to? Prostate gland enlargement can make urination difficult. Treatments for this common condition range from self-care to surgery.

Prostatitis

Prostatitis, inflammation of the prostate gland, can cause significant male pelvic pain and other symptoms.

Reactive arthritis

Reactive arthritis is an inflammatory condition that develops in response to an infection in another part of your body.

Scrotal masses

A scrotal mass is a lump or other abnormality in the scrotum that may affect the health of testicles. A scrotal mass may be cancerous.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes destroys your body's ability to produce insulin. Learn how you can live an active, healthy life with type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes in children

Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong — sometimes frightening — condition, but it doesn't need to slow your child down. Learn more about managing type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is on the rise — but here's information that may help you stop diabetes in its tracks.

Type 2 diabetes in children

The obesity epidemic is fueling a growing problem — type 2 diabetes in children. Make prevention a family affair.

Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors of the uterus. Medical therapy and surgical procedures can shrink or remove uterine fibroids.

Vaginal dryness

Vaginal dryness is a common and uncomfortable condition — but there are effective ways to treat it.

Vascular dementia

Vascular dementia is caused by problems with the blood vessels in your brain. Many people with vascular dementia also have Alzheimer's disease.

Vesicoureteral reflux

Vesicoureteral reflux is the abnormal flow of urine backward from the bladder. Usually found in children, it increases the risk of urinary tract infections.

Jul. 20, 2012