Many diseases and conditions can contribute to elevated liver enzymes. Your doctor determines the specific cause of your elevated liver enzymes by reviewing your medications, your signs and symptoms and, in some cases, other tests and procedures.

More common causes of elevated liver enzymes include:

  1. Certain prescription medications, including statin drugs used to control cholesterol
  2. Drinking alcohol
  3. Heart failure
  4. Hepatitis A
  5. Hepatitis B
  6. Hepatitis C
  7. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  8. Obesity
  9. Over-the-counter pain medications, including acetaminophen (Tylenol, others)

Other causes of elevated liver enzymes may include:

  1. Alcoholic hepatitis (liver inflammation caused by drinking alcohol)
  2. Autoimmune hepatitis (liver inflammation caused by an autoimmune disorder)
  3. Celiac disease (small intestine damage caused by gluten)
  4. Cirrhosis (liver scarring)
  5. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection
  6. Dermatomyositis (inflammatory disease that causes muscle weakness and skin rash)
  7. Epstein-Barr virus
  8. Gallbladder inflammation (cholecystitis)
  9. Heart attack
  10. Hemochromatosis (too much iron stored in your body)
  11. Hypothyroidism (a thyroid disorder)
  12. Liver cancer
  13. Mononucleosis
  14. Muscular dystrophy (inherited disease that causes progressive muscle weakness)
  15. Pancreatitis (pancreas inflammation)
  16. Polymyositis (inflammatory disease that causes muscle weakness)
  17. Toxic hepatitis (liver inflammation caused by drugs or toxins)
  18. Wilson's disease (too much copper stored in your body)

Causes shown here are commonly associated with this symptom. Work with your doctor or other health care professional for an accurate diagnosis.

May 05, 2011