Blood clots form when platelets (blood components) and plasma proteins thicken, forming a semisolid mass. This process may be triggered by an injury or it can sometimes occur inside blood vessels that don't have an obvious injury.
Once these clots form, they can travel to other parts of your body, causing harm. Factors and conditions that can cause troublesome blood clots, as well as serious conditions that are associated with blood clots, include:
- Antiphospholipid syndrome
- Arteriosclerosis / atherosclerosis
- Certain medications, such as oral contraceptives, hormone therapy drugs and some breast cancer medications
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
- Factor V Leiden
- Family history of blood clots
- Heart arrhythmias
- Heart attack
- Heart failure
- Peripheral artery disease
- Polycythemia vera
- Prolonged sitting or bed rest
- Pulmonary embolism (blood clot in an artery in the lung)
June 02, 2016
Causes shown here are commonly associated with this symptom. Work with your doctor or other health care professional for an accurate diagnosis.
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- Lip G, et al. Overview of the treatment of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT). http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 18, 2016.