Probably not. There is such a thing as a slow metabolism. But slow metabolism is rare, and it's usually not what's behind being overweight or obese — that's ultimately a result of interactions among genetics, diet, physical activity and other factors.
Metabolism is the process by which your body converts what you eat and drink into energy. Even when you're at rest, your body needs energy for functions such as breathing, circulating blood and repairing cells. The number of calories your body uses for these basic functions is known as your basal metabolic rate.
Several factors determine your basal metabolic rate:
- Your body size and composition. If you weigh more or have more muscle mass, you will burn more calories, even at rest. So people who weigh more are more likely to have a faster metabolic rate — not a slower one — because a portion of excess weight is muscle tissue.
- Your sex. If you're a man, you probably have less body fat and more muscle mass than does a woman of the same age, so you burn more calories.
- Your age. As you get older, your muscle mass decreases, which slows down the rate at which you burn calories.
Rather than slow metabolism, factors more likely to contribute to weight gain include:
- Eating too many calories
- Getting too little physical activity
- Genetics and family history
- Certain medications
- Unhealthy habits, such as routinely not getting enough sleep
If you're concerned about slow metabolism and your weight, talk to your doctor about healthy changes you can make. And if you still think you have slow metabolism, your doctor can check your metabolism or check for rare conditions that can cause problems with metabolism and weight, such as hypothyroidism and Cushing's syndrome.
March 04, 2015
See more Expert Answers
- Bray GA. Pathogenesis of obesity. http://www.uptodate.com/home/. Accessed Jan. 29, 2015.
- Bray GA. Obesity in adults: Etiology and natural history. http://www.uptodate.com/home/. Accessed Jan. 29, 2015.
- Duyff RL. American Dietetic Association Complete Food and Nutrition Guide. 4th ed. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons; 2012.
- Dietary Reference Intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein, and amino acids (macronutrients). Institute of Medicine. http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?isbn=0309085373. Accessed Jan. 29, 2015.
- Hensrud DD (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 4, 2015.