Description and Brand Names

Drug information provided by: Micromedex

US Brand Name

  1. Januvia

Descriptions


Sitagliptin is used alone or together with other medicines (e.g., insulin, glimepiride, metformin, or pioglitazone) to treat high blood sugar levels caused by type 2 diabetes. Normally, after you eat, your pancreas releases insulin to help your body store excess sugar for later use. This process occurs during normal digestion of food. In patients with type 2 diabetes, your body does not work properly to store the excess sugar and the sugar remains in your blood. Chronic high blood sugar can lead to serious health problems in the future.

Many people can control type 2 diabetes with diet alone or diet and exercise. Following a specially planned diet and exercising will always be important when you have diabetes, even when you are taking medicines. To work properly, the amount of sitagliptin you take must be balanced against the amount and type of food you eat and the amount of exercise you do. If you change your diet, your exercise, or both, you will want to test your blood sugar to find out if it is too low. Your doctor will teach you what to do if this happens.

Sitagliptin does not help patients who have insulin-dependent or type 1 diabetes, because they cannot produce insulin from their pancreas. Their blood sugar is best controlled with insulin injections.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Tablet