CausesBy Mayo Clinic Staff
The cause of measles is a virus that replicates in the nose and throat of an infected child or adult.
When someone with measles coughs, sneezes or talks, infected droplets spray into the air, where other people can inhale them. The infected droplets may also land on a surface, where they remain active and contagious for several hours.
You can contract the virus by putting your fingers in your mouth or nose or rubbing your eyes after touching the infected surface.
May 24, 2014
- Moss WJ, et al. Measles. The Lancet. 2012;379:153.
- Goldman L, et al. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 13, 2014.
- Measles. World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs286/en/. Accessed Feb. 13, 2014.
- Measles (rubeola). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/measles/. Accessed Feb. 13, 2014.
- Barinaga JL et al. Clinical presentation and diagnosis of measles. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 13, 2014.
- Barinaga JL et al. Prevention and treatment of measles. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 13, 2014.
- Measles. National Health Service. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Measles/Pages/Introduction.aspx. Accessed Feb. 15, 2014.
- Measles cases in England 'almost double.' National Health Service. http://www.nhs.uk/news/2012/08august/Pages/measles-cases-england-almost-double.aspx. Accessed Feb. 15, 2014.
- Hornig M, et al. Lack of association between measles virus vaccine and autism with enteropathy: A case-control study. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e3140.
- Sullivan JE, et al. Fever and antipyretic use in children. Pediatrics. 2011;127:580.