You can take some simple measures to help protect you and your family from lead poisoning. These may include:
- Wash hands and toys. To help reduce hand-to-mouth transfer of contaminated dust or soil, wash your children's hands after outdoor play, before eating and at bedtime. And wash their toys regularly.
- Clean dusty surfaces. Clean your floors with a wet mop and wipe furniture, windowsills and other dusty surfaces with a damp cloth.
- Run cold water. If you have older plumbing containing lead pipes or fittings, run your cold water for at least a minute before using. Don't use hot tap water to make baby formula or for cooking.
- Prevent children from playing on soil. Provide them with a sandbox that's covered when not in use. Plant grass or cover bare soil with mulch.
- Eat a healthy diet. Regular meals and good nutrition may help lower lead absorption. Children especially need enough calcium and iron in their diets.
If you're doing minor remodeling or touch-up work in an older house with lead-based paint, take precautions.
Jun. 10, 2014
- Don't attempt to remove the lead paint by sanding. Sanding surfaces painted with lead is hazardous because it generates large amounts of small particles.
- Don't use an open-flame torch to remove paint. The flame produces lead particles small enough to inhale.
- Cover old paint. Removing old lead paint may not always be possible. If the paint is on tight, without many chips, you can paint over it. You can also use paneling, drywall or encapsulation, which is similar to a very thick coat of paint.
- Wear protective equipment and clothing. Change your clothes, take a shower and wash your hair before leaving the job. Don't shake out work clothes or wash them with other clothes.
- Be careful where you eat. Don't eat or drink in an area where lead dust may be present.
- Kliegman RM, et al. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.clinicalkey.com.Accessed Sept. 30, 2013.
- Hurwitz RL, et al. Childhood lead poisoning: Clinical manifestations and diagnosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 24, 2013.
- Lead. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead. Accessed Sept. 30, 2013.
- Lee DA, et al. Childhood lead poisoning: Exposure and prevention. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 24, 2013.
- Abelsohn AR, et al. Lead and children: Clinical management for family physicians. Canadian Family Physician. 2010;56:531.
- Hurwitz RL, et al. Childhood lead poisoning: Management. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 24, 2013.
- Goldman RH, et al. Adult lead poisoning. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 24, 2013.
- Folk medicine. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/tips/folkmedicine.htm. Accessed Sept. 30, 2013.
- Low level lead exposure harms children: a renewed call for primary prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/11859/. Accessed Sept. 30, 2013.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, et al. Lead in drinking water and human blood lead levels in the United States. MMWR. 2012;61:1. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/su6104a1.htm?s_cid=su6104a1_w. Accessed Sept. 30, 2013.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, et al. Recommendations for blood lead screening of Medicaid-eligible children aged 1-5 years: An updated approach to targeting a group at high risk. MMWR. 2009;58:1. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5809a1.htm. Accessed Sept. 30, 2013.
- Gracia RC, et al. Lead toxicity and chelation therapy. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy. 2007;64:45.
- US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for elevated lead levels in children and pregnant women. Pediatrics. 2006;118:2514.
- Recommendations on medical management of childhood lead exposure and poisoning. American Academy of Pediatrics. http://www.aoec.org/pehsu/documents/medical-mgmnt-childhood-lead-exposure-June-2013.pdf. Accessed Dec. 30, 2013.
- Paulson JA. American Academy of Pediatrics, Elk Grove Village, IL. Dec. 30, 2013.
- Lead: What do parents need to know to protect their children? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/ACCLPP/blood_lead_levels.htm. Accessed Dec. 30, 2013.
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