Infants of mothers who smoke during pregnancy or after delivery have a greater risk of developing colic.
Many other theories about what makes a child more susceptible to colic have been proposed, but none have been proved. For instance:
May. 14, 2014
- Colic doesn't occur more often among firstborns or formula-fed babies.
- A breast-feeding mother's diet probably doesn't trigger colic.
- Girls and boys — no matter what their birth order or how they're fed — experience colic in similar numbers.
- Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin. Management of infantile colic. BMJ. 2013;347:1.
- Turner TL, et al. Infantile colic: Clinical features and diagnosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 11, 2013.
- Lucassen P. Colic in infants. Clinical Evidence. 2010;2:309.
- Turner TL, et al. Infantile colic: Management and outcome. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 11, 2013.
- De Weerth C, et al. Intestinal microbiota of infants with colic: Development and specific signatures. Pediatrics. 2013;131:1.
- Sung V, et al. Probiotics to prevent or treat excessive infant crying: Systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Pediatrics. 2013;167:1150.
- Savino F, et al. New treatments for infant colic. Current Opinion in Pediatrics. 2010: 22:791.
- Thomas DW, et al. Probiotics and prebiotics in pediatrics. Pediatrics. 2010;126:1217.
- Dobson D, et al. Manipulative therapy for infantile colic. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD004796/abstract. Accessed Dec. 11, 2013.
- Posadski P, et al. Contamination and adulteration of herbal medicinal products (HMPs): An overview of systematic reviews. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 2013;69:295.
- Perry R, et al. Nutritional supplements and other complementary medicines for infantile colic: A systematic review. Pediatrics. 2011;127:720.
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