Diagnosis

Doctors usually confirm a diagnosis of brucellosis by testing a sample of blood or bone marrow for the brucella bacteria or by testing blood for antibodies to the bacteria. To help detect complications of brucellosis, you may have additional tests, including:

  • X-rays. X-rays can reveal changes in your bones and joints.
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These imaging tests help identify inflammation or abscesses in the brain or other tissues.
  • Cerebrospinal fluid culture. This checks a small sample of the fluid that surrounds your brain and spinal cord for infections such as meningitis and encephalitis.
  • Echocardiography. This test uses sound waves to create images of your heart to check for signs of infection or damage to your heart.
Nov. 22, 2016
References
  1. Brucellosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/brucellosis/index.html. Accessed March 16, 2016.
  2. Longo DL, et al., eds. Brucellosis. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. http://accessmedicine.com. Accessed March 16, 2016.
  3. Goldman L, et al., eds. Brucellosis. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed March 16, 2016.
  4. Bennett JE, et al. Brucellosis (Brucellosis species). In: Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed March 16, 2016.
  5. Bope ET, et al. The infectious diseases. In: Conn's Current Therapy 2016. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed March 16, 2016.
  6. Safe minimum cooking temperatures. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.foodsafety.gov/keep/charts/mintemp.html. Accessed March 16, 2016.