诊断

如果您出现2019年新型冠状病毒(2019-nCoV)的感染症状,请联系医生。向医生如实告知您的近期旅行史,特别是国外旅行情况。另外,如果您曾与任何新型冠状病毒确诊患者有过密切接触,也请告知医生。

医生可能会向您采集唾液(痰液)、鼻拭子和咽喉拭子样本以便送交CDC进行化验。

治疗

目前,世界上还没有可用于治疗新型冠状病毒的特效抗病毒药物。现有的各种治疗通常旨在缓解症状,可能包括:

  • 止痛药
  • 止咳糖浆或药物
  • 休息
  • 喝水

医生如果认为您可以在家中接受治疗,则可能会给您一些特殊指示,例如要求您在生病期间尽量与家人隔离,以及在家里呆一段时间,不要出门。如果您的病情严重,则可能需要接受住院治疗。

Clinical trials

Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease.

妥善处理与支持

It's common to feel fearful and anxious during the COVID-19 pandemic. You're probably worried that you or those you love will get sick. You may be concerned about taking care of yourself or others who are ill.

During this time, remember to take care of yourself and manage your stress.

  • Eat healthy meals.
  • Get enough sleep.
  • Get physical activity as you're able to, such as using exercise or yoga videos. If you're healthy, go outside for a walk.
  • Try relaxation exercises such as deep breathing, stretching and meditation.
  • Avoid watching or reading too much news or spending too much time on social media.
  • Connect with friends and family, such as with phone or video calls.
  • Do activities you enjoy, such as reading a book or watching a funny movie.

If you're ill with COVID-19, it's especially important to:

  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Drink fluids.
  • Let your doctor know right away if your symptoms worsen.

Having COVID-19 or caring for someone with the disease can cause stress and anxiety. If stress is affecting your daily life after several days, contact your doctor. He or she may suggest that you talk to a mental health professional.

准备您的预约

您可以首先联系初级保健医生。他们或许会直接将您转介给受过传染病治疗培训的医生。如果您认为自己感染了新型冠状病毒,请在前往诊所之前告知医生或诊所员工,以便他们:

  • 联系感染防控和公共卫生官员
  • 准备好快速将您转移到单独的诊室中
  • 为您准备口罩

以下信息可能有助于您为约诊做好准备。

您可以做些什么

约诊时问清楚是否需要提前做什么准备。记录以下信息:

  • 您的症状,包括看似与约诊无关的任何症状
  • 您的近期旅行史,包括出国旅行情况
  • 重要的个人信息,包括主要身心压力、近期生活变化以及家族病史
  • 您使用的所有药物、维生素或其他补充剂以及剂量
  • 您想要向医生咨询的问题

如果可能,请让家人或朋友陪您前往就诊,他们可以帮您记住医生所说的重要信息。

您可以向医生咨询以下基本问题:

  • 我的症状有多大可能是新型冠状病毒引起的?
  • 还有哪些情况可能导致我这样的症状?
  • 我需要做哪些化验?
  • 您有什么建议措施?
  • 我是否需要遵守什么限制?
  • 我是否应该看专科医生?

医生可能做些什么

医生可能会询问您如下问题:

  • 您是什么时候开始出现这些症状的?
  • 您最近曾去过哪里?
  • 您曾与哪些人有过密切接触?
  • 您的症状有多严重?