April 20, 2024
  1. Braaten KP, et al. Overview of female permanent contraception. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed July 12, 2023.
  2. Zieman M, et al. Female sterilization: Tubal ligation or occlusion. In: Managing Contraception: For Your Pocket. 16th ed. Managing Contraception; 2021.
  3. FAQs: Sterilization by laparoscopy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. https://www.acog.org/womens-health/faqs/Sterilization-by-Laparoscopy. Accessed July 12, 2023.
  4. FAQs: Postpartum sterilization. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. https://www.acog.org/womens-health/faqs/postpartum-sterilization. Accessed July 12, 2023.
  5. Marnach ML (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic. July 16, 2023.
  6. AskMayoExpert. Female sterilization. Mayo Clinic; 2022.
  7. Hatcher RA, et al., eds. Permanent contraception. In: Contraceptive Technology. 21st ed. Ayer Company Publishers; 2018.
  8. Fowler GC, et al., eds. Permanent female sterilization (tubal ligation). In: Pfenninger and Fowler's Procedures for Primary Care. 4th ed. Elsevier; 2020. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 13, 2023.
  9. Braaten KP, et al. Female interval permanent contraception: Procedures. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  10. What is ovarian cancer? American Cancer Society. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/types/ovarian-cancer/about/what-is-ovarian-cancer.html. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  11. McAlpine JN, et al. Opportunistic salpingectomy for ovarian, fallopian tube, and peritoneal carcinoma risk reduction. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  12. Key statistics for ovarian cancer. American Cancer Society. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/types/ovarian-cancer/about/key-statistics.html. Accessed July 20, 2023.
  13. Mercier, RJ. Expedited scheduling of interval tubal ligation. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2019; doi:10.1097/AOG.0000000000003550.
  14. Sterilization for men and women. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. https://www.acog.org/womens-health/faqs/sterilization-for-women-and-men. Accessed July 25, 2023.