¿Qué son los probióticos?

Probiotics are good bacteria that are either the same as or very similar to the bacteria that are already in your body. Your lower digestive tract alone teems with a complex and diverse community of these bacteria. In fact, there are a greater number of bacteria in your intestines than there are cells in your body.

But not all of the bacteria in your body are good for you. Some research suggests that having too many of the "bad" and not enough of the "good" bacteria — caused in part by an unhealthy diet — can wreak all sorts of havoc on your body's systems. This imbalance can lead to weight gain, skin conditions, constipation or diarrhea, and various chronic health conditions.

¿Cuáles son las fuentes alimenticias de probióticos?

Los probióticos pueden encontrarse en estos alimentos:

  • Algunos yogurts
  • Algunos quesos
  • Otros productos lácteos que contengan probióticos, como la leche con Lactobacillus o el kéfir
  • El chucrut
  • El kimchi

¿Debería tomar un suplemento alimentario probiótico?

Un suplemento alimentario probiótico puede mejorar tu salud de diversas formas. Los lactobacilos, las bifidobacterias y las especies Saccharomyces boulardii y Bacillus coagulans son las bacterias beneficiosas más comunes que se utilizan en los suplementos alimentarios probióticos. Pero cada tipo, y cada cepa de cada tipo, puede funcionar de diferentes maneras. En pocas palabras: no todos los probióticos son iguales ni todos tienen el mismo efecto en el cuerpo.

How can a probiotic dietary supplement affect my health?

The right type and amount of a probiotic can help you in several ways:

  • Promotes a healthy immune system*
  • Supports a weight management program*
  • Prevents occasional diarrhea or constipation.*

What amount of a probiotic dietary supplement should I take?

Consuming yogurt products with probiotic content is a good option if you want to get more probiotics in your diet. When you choose a yogurt, look for the seal "Live and Active Cultures" on the product label. This indicates that the yogurt has at least 100 million active cultures per gram of yogurt. For other types of probiotic products, how much you should take varies by bacteria type and the reason you're taking the product. If you choose to take an encapsulated probiotic supplement, a good place to start is with a combination that contains strains from the Lactobacillus family and Bifidobacterium family, because these strains are normally found in the human gastrointestinal tract.

Are there any side effects from taking a probiotic dietary supplement?

Probiotics are safe in the amounts you normally find in food. In general, most healthy adults can safely add foods or dietary supplements that contain probiotics to their diets. Some individuals might experience gas (flatulence), but that generally passes after a few days. But which strains of bacteria are most helpful or which doses are best isn't always known. And if you are lactose intolerant, you can experience stomach discomfort if you try to get your probiotics from dairy products. In that case, consider using a dairy-free probiotic.

¿Es seguro tomar un suplemento alimenticio probiótico junto con otros medicamentos?

Toma un suplemento alimenticio probiótico con precaución si:

  • Estás tomando un antibiótico o medicamento de venta con receta médica que afecte tu sistema inmunitario
  • Estás recibiendo tratamiento para una infección por hongos
  • Tienes pancreatitis

Tomar un suplemento alimenticio probiótico podría no ser seguro si:

  • Contraes infecciones con frecuencia
  • Tienes un sistema inmunitario debilitado
  • Eres alérgico o sensible a las fuentes de probióticos (por ejemplo, los lácteos)

Si estás considerando tomar un suplemento alimenticio probiótico, consulta primero con tu proveedor de atención médica, especialmente si estás embarazada o tienes un problema de salud.

*Estas declaraciones no han sido evaluadas por la Administración de Alimentos y Medicamentos de Estados Unidos. Este producto no tiene como finalidad diagnosticar, tratar, curar ni prevenir ninguna enfermedad.

July 02, 2019