Your kidneys filter your blood, to remove excess water, salt, and waste, and produce important hormones.
Two main types of kidney cancer:
Reported new cases of kidney cancer per 100,000 people.
The rise is believed to be due to:
When caught early, 5-year survival rates exceed 90%.
Early stage kidney cancer is most often detected during unrelated imaging procedures, as symptoms don't commonly present until later stages. However, symptoms could include:
If the tumor is small, in some circumstances urologists may recommend monitoring the tumor for risk; if treatment is eventually needed, the delay does not compromise success.
Urologist removes the part of the kidney impacted by tumors; in many cases this can be done with minimally invasive procedures, including robotic surgery.
Cryoblation freezes cancer cells to kill them. Radiofrequency ablation heats cancer cells to kill them.
Urologist removes the entire affected kidney — most people only need one kidney. In many cases, this can be done with minimally invasive procedures, including robotic surgery.
In advanced cases where the cancer has spread, drug therapy is often combined with surgery and other treatments to improve outcomes.
Sources: MayoClinic.org; Seer.Cancer.org; Cancer.org.
Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit organization and proceeds from Web advertising help support our mission. Mayo Clinic does not endorse any of the third party products and services advertised.
A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research.