Todd A. Milbrandt, M.D.

  1. Orthopedic Surgeon
  1. Walker JL, Hosseinzadeh P, White H, Murr K, Milbrandt TA, Talwalkar VJ, Iwinski H, Muchow R. Idiopathic Genu Valgum and Its Association With Obesity in Children and Adolescents. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 Aug; 39 (7):347-352
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  2. Shannon SF, Hernandez NM, Sems SA, Larson AN, Milbrandt TA. High-energy Pediatric Scapula Fractures and Their Associated Injuries. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 Aug; 39 (7):377-381
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  3. Baky FJ, Milbrandt T, Echternacht S, Stans AA, Shaughnessy WJ, Larson AN. Intraoperative Computed Tomography-Guided Navigation for Pediatric Spine Patients Reduced Return to Operating Room for Screw Malposition Compared With Freehand/Fluoroscopic Techniques. Spine Deform. 2019 Jul; 7 (4):577-581
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  4. Kuzma AL, Talwalkar VR, Muchow RD, Iwinski HJ, Milbrandt TA, Jacobs CA, Walker JL. Brace Yourselves: Outcomes of Ponseti Casting and Foot Abduction Orthosis Bracing in Idiopathic Congenital Talipes Equinovarus. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 Apr 8 Epub 2019 Apr 08
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  5. Statz JM, Sierra RJ, Trousdale RT, Milbrandt TA. Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients with Spasticity: A Critical Analysis Review. JBJS Rev. 2019 Apr; 7 (4):e10
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  6. Walker JL, Milbrandt TA, Iwinski HJ, Talwalkar VR. Classification of Cruciate Ligament Dysplasia and the Severity of Congenital Fibular Deficiency. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 Mar; 39 (3):136-140
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  7. Ghavami S, Gregory A, Webb J, Bayat M, Denis M, Kumar V, Milbrand TA, Larson AN, Fatemi M, Alizad A. Ultrasound Radiation Force for the Assessment of Bone Fracture Healing in Children: An In Vivo Pilot Study. Sensors (Basel). 2019 Feb 24; 19 (4)
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  8. Joshi V, Cassivi SD, Milbrandt TA, Larson AN. Video-assisted thoracoscopic anterior vertebral body tethering for the correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis of the spine. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2018 Dec 1; 54 (6):1134-1136
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  9. Melugin HP, Desai VS, Camp CL, Milbrandt TA, Dahm DL, Levy BA, Stuart MJ, Krych AJ. Do Tibial Eminence Fractures and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears Have Similar Outcomes? Orthop J Sports Med. 2018 Dec; 6 (12):2325967118811854 Epub 2018 Dec 07
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  10. Baky FJ, Milbrandt TA, Flick R, Larson AN. Cumulative Anesthesia Exposure in Patients Treated for Early-Onset Scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2018 Nov - Dec; 6 (6):781-786
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  11. Houdek MT, Rose PS, Milbrandt TA, Stans AA, Moran SL, Sim FH. Comparison of Pediatric Intercalary Allograft Reconstructions with and without a Free Vascularized Fibula. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2018 Oct; 142 (4):1065-1071
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  12. Carlson BC, Milbrandt TA, Larson AN. Quality, Safety, and Value in Pediatric Spine Surgery. Orthop Clin North Am. 2018 Oct; 49 (4):491-501 Epub 2018 July 23
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  13. Shannon SF, Hernandez NM, Sems SA, Larson AN, Milbrandt TA. Pediatric Orthopaedic Trauma and Associated Injuries of Snowmobile, ATV, and Dirtbike Accidents: A 19-Year Experience at a Level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center. J Pediatr Orthop. 2018 Sep; 38 (8):403-409
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  14. Milbrandt T, Kryscio R, Muchow R, Walker J, Talwalkar V, Iwinski H Jr. Oral Sucrose for Pain Relief During Clubfoot Casting: A Double-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial. J Pediatr Orthop. 2018 Sep; 38 (8):430-435
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  15. Paradise CR, Galeano-Garces C, Galeano-Garces D, Dudakovic A, Milbrandt TA, Saris DBF, Krych AJ, Karperien M, Ferguson GB, Evseenko D, Riester SM, van Wijnen AJ, Larson AN. Molecular characterization of physis tissue by RNA sequencing. Gene. 2018 Aug 20; 668:87-96 Epub 2018 May 25
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  16. Hevesi M, Sanders TL, Pareek A, Milbrandt TA, Levy BA, Stuart MJ, Saris DBF, Krych AJ. Osteochondritis Dissecans in the Knee of Skeletally Immature Patients: Rates of Persistent Pain, Osteoarthritis, and Arthroplasty at Mean 14-Years' Follow-Up. Cartilage. 2018 Jul 1; 1947603518786545 Epub 2018 July 01
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  17. Thomas JJ, Stans AA, Milbrandt TA, Treder VM, Kremers HM, Shaughnessy WJ, Larson AN. Does School Screening Affect Scoliosis Curve Magnitude at Presentation to a Pediatric Orthopedic Clinic? Spine Deform. 2018 Jul - Aug; 6 (4):403-408
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  18. Brown ME, Zou Y, Peyyala R, Huja SS, Cunningham LL, Milbrandt TA, Dziubla TD, Puleo DA. Testing of a bioactive, moldable bone graft substitute in an infected, critically sized segmental defect model. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2017 Sep 19 Epub 2017 Sept 19
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  19. Wilke B, Houdek M, Rao RR, Caird MS, Larson AN, Milbrandt T. Treatment of Unicameral Bone Cysts of the Proximal Femur With Internal Fixation Lessens the Risk of Additional Surgery. Orthopedics. 2017 Sep 01; 40 (5):e862-e867 Epub 2017 Aug 18
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  20. Aibinder WR, Young EY, Milbrandt TA. Intraoperative Three-Dimensional Navigation for Talocalcaneal Coalition Resection. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2017 Sep - Oct; 56 (5):1091-1094
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  21. Barrick BJ, Jalan S, Tollefson MM, Milbrandt TA, Larson AN, Rank MA, Lohse CM, Davis DMR. Associations of self-reported allergic diseases and musculoskeletal problems in children: A US population-based study. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2017 Aug; 119 (2):170-176 Epub 2017 June 28
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  22. Karalius VP, Stanfield J, Ashley P, Lewallen LW, DeDeugd CM, Walker J, Larson AN, Milbrandt TA. The Utility of Routine Postoperative Radiographs After Pinning of Pediatric Supracondylar Humerus Fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Jul/Aug; 37 (5):e309-e312
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  23. Martin JR, Sutak AK, Milbrandt TA, Martin VA, Trousdale RT. Adolescent total knee arthroplasty. Arthroplast Today. 2017 Jun; 3 (2):105-109 Epub 2017 Feb 13
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  24. Houdek MT, Watts CD, Wyles CC, Trousdale RT, Milbrandt TJ, Taunton MJ. Total Knee Arthroplasty in Patients With Cerebral Palsy: A Matched Cohort Study to Patients With Osteoarthritis. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2017 May; 25 (5):381-388
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  25. Su AW, McIntosh AL, Schueler BA, Milbrandt TA, Winkler JA, Stans AA, Larson AN. How Does Patient Radiation Exposure Compare With Low-dose O-arm Versus Fluoroscopy for Pedicle Screw Placement in Idiopathic Scoliosis? J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Apr/May; 37 (3):171-177
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  26. Houdek MT, Watts CD, Wyles CC, Trousdale RT, Milbrandt TA, Taunton MJ. Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients with Cerebral Palsy: A Cohort Study Matched to Patients with Osteoarthritis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2017 Mar 15; 99: (6)488-493.
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  27. Walker JL, Hosseinzadeh P, White H, Murr K, Milbrandt TA, Talwalkar VJ, Iwinski H, Muchow R. Idiopathic Genu Valgum and Its Association With Obesity in Children and Adolescents. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Mar 10;
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  28. Shannon SF, Hernandez NM, Sems SA, Larson AN, Milbrandt TA. High-energy Pediatric Scapula Fractures and Their Associated Injuries. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Mar 08;
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  29. Hayes CB, Murr KA, Muchow RD, Iwinski HJ, Talwalkar VR, Walker JL, Milbrandt TA, Hosseinzadeh P. Pain and overcorrection in clubfeet treated by Ponseti method. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2017 Feb 24;
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  30. Taussig MD, Powell KP, Cole HA, Nwosu SK, Hunley T, Romine SE, Iwinski H Jr, Talwalkar V, Warhoover T, Lovejoy SA, Mencio GA, Martus JE, Walker J, Milbrandt T, Schoenecker JG. Prevalence of Hypertension in Pediatric Tibia Vara and Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Dec; 36: (8)877-883.
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  31. Lloyd CH, Srinath AK, Muchow RD, Iwinski HJ Jr, Talwalkar VR, Walker JL, Montgomery C, Milbrandt T. Efficacy of 2 Regional Pain Control Techniques in Pediatric Foot Surgery. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Oct-Nov; 36 (7):720-4
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  32. Hosseinzadeh P, Milbrandt T. The normal and fractured physis: an anatomic and physiologic overview. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2016 Jul; 25 (4):385-92
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  33. Watts CD, Larson AN, Milbrandt TA. Open Versus Arthroscopic Reduction for Tibial Eminence Fracture Fixation in Children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Jul-Aug; 36 (5):437-9
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  34. Wallace J, King J, White H, Augsburger S, Milbrandt T, Iwinski H. A Cross-sectional Study of Chest Kinematics and VO2 in Children With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis During Steady-state Walking. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 May; 41: (9)778-84.
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  35. Rogers V, Salzeider C, Holzum L, Milbrandt T, Zahnd W, Puczynski M. Keep Kids in School: A collaborative community effort to increase compliance with state-mandated health requirements J Sch Health.2016;86(5)382-385.
  36. Floccari LV, Milbrandt TA. Surgical Site Infections After Pediatric Spine Surgery. Orthop Clin North Am. 2016 Apr; 47: (2)387-94.
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  37. Carpiaux AM, Hosseinzadeh P, Muchow RD, Iwinski HJ, Walker JL, Milbrandt TA. The Effectiveness of the Ponseti Method for Treating Clubfoot Associated With Amniotic Band Syndrome. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Apr-May; 36 (3):284-8
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  38. Wallace J, White H, Xi J, Kryscio R, Augsburger S, Milbrandt T, Talwalkar V, Iwinski H, Walker J. Pedobarographic changes in Ponseti-treated clubfeet with and without anterior tibialis tendon transfer: changes due to growth and surgical intervention. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2016 Mar; 25: (2)89-95.
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  39. Hosseinzadeh P, Peterson ED, Walker J, Muchow RD, Iwinski HJ, Talwalkar VR, Milbrandt TA. Residual forefoot deformity predicts the need for future surgery in clubfeet treated by Ponseti casting. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2016 Mar; 25: (2)96-8.
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  40. Hosseinzadeh P, Steiner RB, Hayes CB, Muchow RD, Iwinski HJ, Walker JL, Talwalkar VR, Milbrandt TA. Initial Correction Predicts the Need for Secondary Achilles Tendon Procedures in Patients With Idiopathic Clubfoot Treated With Ponseti Casting. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Jan; 36: (1)80-3.
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  41. Hosseinzadeh P, Ross DR, Walker JL, Talwalkar VR, Iwinski HJ, Milbrandt TA. Three Methods Of Guided Growth For Pediatric Lower Extremity Angular Deformity Correction. Iowa Orthop J. 2016; 36:123-7.
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  42. Su AW, Milbrandt TA, Larson AN. Magnetic Expansion Control System Achieves Cost Savings Compared to Traditional Growth Rods: An Economic Analysis Model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Dec; 40 (23):1851-6
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  43. Su AW, Milbrandt TA, Larson AN. Magnetic Expansion Control System Achieves Cost Savings Compared to Traditional Growth Rods: An Economic Analysis Model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Nov 2 Epub 2015 Nov 02
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  44. Zou Y, Fisher PD, Horstmann JK, Talwalkar V, Milbrandt TA, Puleo DA. Synergistic local drug delivery in a piglet model of ischemic osteonecrosis: a preliminary study. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2015 Nov; 24: (6)483-92.
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  45. White H, Wallace J, King J, Augsburger S, Milbrandt T, Iwinski H. A Prospective Comparison of Pulmonary Function Using Traditional and Kinematic Measures in Children With and Without Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2015 Nov; 3 (6):554-559 Epub 2015 Oct 28
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  46. Fisher PD, Venugopal G, Milbrandt TA, Hilt JZ, Puleo DA. Hydroxyapatite-reinforced in situ forming PLGA systems for intraosseous injection. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2015 Jul; 103 (7):2365-73 Epub 2014 Dec 03
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  47. Erickson S, Hosseinzadeh P, Iwinski HJ, Muchow RC, Talwalkar VR, Walker JL, Milbrandt TA. Dynamic pedobarography and radiographic evaluation of surgically treated cavovarus foot deformity in children with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2015 Jul; 24: (4)336-40.
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  48. Luckett MR, Hosseinzadeh P, Ashley PA, Muchow RD, Talwalkar VR, Iwinski HJ, Walker JL, Milbrandt TA. Factors predictive of second ercurrence in clubfeet treated by Ponseti casting. J Ped Orthop.2015;35:(3)303-6.
  49. Sharma S, Londono D, Eckalbar WL, Gao X, Zhang D, Mauldin K, Kou I, Takahashi A, Matsumoto M, Kamiya N, Murphy KK, Cornelia R; TSRHC Scoliosis Clinical Group; Japan Scoliosis Clinical Research Group, Herring JA, Burns D, Ahituv N, Ikegawa S, Gordon D, Wise CA, Milbrandt T. A PAX1 enhancer locus is associated with susceptibility ot idiopathic scoliosis in females. Nat Commun.3/18/2015;6:6452.
  50. Morgenstein A, Davis R, Talwalkar V, Iwinski H Jr, Walker J, Milbrandt TA. A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Reported and Measured Wear Rates in Clubfoot Bracing Using a Novel Pressure Sensor. J Pediatr orthop.2015;35(2)185-191.
  51. Clark A, Hilt JZ, Milbrandt TA, Puleo DA. Treating Proximal Tibial Growth Plate Injuries Using Poly(Lactic-co-Glycolic Acid) Scaffolds. Biores Open Access. 2015; 4 (1):65-74 Epub 2015 Jan 01
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  52. Fisher PD, Venugopal G, Milbrandt TA, Hilt JZ, Puleo DA. Hydroxyapatite-reinforced in situ forming PLGA systems for intraosseous injection. J Biomed Mater Res A [Epub ahead of print]. 2014 Nov 26.
  53. Thompson RL, Hosseinzadeh P, Muchow RD, Talwalkar VR, Iwinski HJ, Walker JL, Milbrandt TA. Syringomyelia and vertebral osteochondromas in patients with multiple hereditary exostosis. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2014 Sep; 23(5):449-53.
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  54. Clark A, Milbrandt TA, Hilt JZ, Puleo DA. Mechanical properties and dual drug delivery application of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) scaffolds fabricated with a poly(beta-amino ester) porogen. Acta Biomater. 2014 May; 10(5):2125-32. Epub 2014 Jan 12.
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  55. Clark A, Milbrandt TA, Hilt JZ, Puleo DA. Retention of insulin-like growth factor I bioactivity during the fabrication of sintered polymeric scaffolds. Biomed Mater. 2014 Apr; 9(2):025015. Epub 2014 Feb 24.
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  56. Hosseinzadeh P, Milbrandt TA. Congenital Clubfoot. JBJS Rev. 2014 Mar 18; 2: (3).
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  57. Hawkins AM, Milbrandt TA, Puleo DA, Hilt JZ. Composite hydrogel scaffolds with controlled pore opening via biodegradable hydrogel porogen degradation. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2014 Feb; 102(2):400-12. Epub 2013 May 18.
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  58. Clark A, Milbrandt TA, Hilt JZ, Puleo DA. Tailoring properties of microsphere-based poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) scaffolds. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2014 Feb; 102(2):348-57. Epub 2013 May 14
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  59. Garabekyan T, Hosseinzadeh P, Iwinski HJ, Muchow RD, Talwalkar VR, Walker J, Milbrandt TA. The results of preoperative halo-gravity traction in children with severe spinal deformity. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2014 Jan; 23(1):1-5.
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  60. Fisher PD, Palomino P, Milbrandt TA, Hilt JZ, Puleo DA. Improved small molecule drug release from in situ forming poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) scaffolds incorporating poly(beta-amino ester) and hydroxyapatite microparticles. J Biomater Sci Polym Ed. 2014; 25(11):1174-93. Epub 2014 Jun 06.
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  61. Alexander D, Horstmann JJ, Walker J, Talwalkar V, Iwinski H Jr, Milbrandt TA. Transportation of pediatric femur fractures to a tertiary care center: A retrospective review. Iowa Orthop J. 2014; 34:166-170.
  62. Samora J, Bashook P, Jones A, Milbrandt T, Mazzocca AD, Quinn RH. Orthopaedic Graduate Medical Education: A changing paradigm. JBJS Reviews. 2014; 2(11):1-9.
  63. Burnham JM, Broussard M, Milbrandt T. Bilateral pulmonary embolism in an adolescent with sickle cell disease and a recent total hip arthroplasty: a case report and review of the literature. Iowa Orthop J. 2014; 34:107-10.
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  64. Milbrandt T, Thomas E. Turner Syndrome Pediatr Rev.2013;34(9)420-421.
  65. Sundararaj SK, Cieply RD, Gupta G, Milbrandt TA, Puleo DA. Treatment of growth plate injury using IGF-I-loaded PLGA scaffolds. J Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2012 Dec 14.
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  66. Ravi N, Gupta G, Milbrandt TA, Puleo DA. Porous PLGA scaffolds for controlled release of naked and polyethyleneimine-complexed DNA. Biomed Mater. 2012 Oct; 7(5):055007. Epub 2012 Aug 22.
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  67. Zou Y, Brooks JL, Talwalkar V, Milbrandt TA, Puleo DA. Development of an injectable two-phase drug delivery system for sequential release of antiresorptive and osteogenic drugs. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2012 Jan; 100(1):155-62. Epub 2011 Nov 18.
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  68. Wasson M, Milbrandt T. Clubfoot Correction Using The Ponseti Method in a Child with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: A Case Report Current Orthopaedic Practice. 2012; 284-287. Epub 0
  69. Hawkins AM, Milbrandt TA, Puleo DA, Hilt JZ. Synthesis and analysis of degradation, mechanical and toxicity properties of poly(beta-amino ester) degradable hydrogels. Acta Biomater. 2011 May; 7(5):1956-64. Epub 2011 Jan 18.
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  70. Patel J, Walker JL, Talwalkar VR, Iwinski HJ, Milbrandt TA. Correlation of spine deformity, lung function, and seat pressure in spina bifida. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 May; 469(5):1302-7.
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  71. Nowicki PD, Tylkowski CM, Iwinski HJ, Talwalkar V, Walker JL, Milbrandt TA. Structural bone allograft in pediatric foot surgery. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2010 May; 39(5):238-40.
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  72. Milbrandt TA, Singhal M, Minter C, McClung A, Talwalkar VR, Iwinski HJ, Walker J, Beimesch C, Montgomery C, Sucato DJ. A comparison of three methods of pain control for posterior spinal fusions in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Jun 15; 34(14):1499-503.
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  73. Milbrandt T, Horan M. Scoliosis in Pediatric Patients: Combid Disorders and Screening Pediatric Health. 2009; 3(5):451-456.
  74. Cieply R, Milbrandt T. Back Pain in Children and Adolescents Current Orthopaedic Practice. 2009; 20(6):627-633.
  75. Jacobs DCA, Milbrandt T. Salter-Harris Type III Fracture in a High School Football Player Athletic Therapy Today. 2009:37-39.
  76. Milbrandt TA, Kunes JR, Karol LA. Friedreich's ataxia and scoliosis: the experience at two institutions. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 Mar; 28(2):234-8.
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  77. Milbrandt T. ATV's are not for Children Current Orthopaedic Practice. 2008; 19(6):633.
  78. Milbrandt TA, Sucato DJ. The position of the aorta relative to the spine in patients with left thoracic scoliosis: a comparison with normal patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 May 20; 32(12):E348-53.
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  79. Milbrandt T, Hopkins J. Unicameral bone cysts: etiology, treatment. Current Opinion in Orthopedics. 2007; 18(6):555-560.
  80. Milbrandt T. Pediatric Obesity Current Opinion in Orthopedics. 2007; 18(6):527-528.
  81. Milbrandt T. The supply, demand of pediatric orthopaedic surgeons. Current Opinion in Orthopedics. 2006; 17(6):481-482.
  82. Milbrandt TA, Johnston CE 2nd. Down syndrome and scoliosis: a review of a 50-year experience at one institution. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Sep 15; 30(18):2051-5.
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  83. Cui Q, Milbrandt T, Millington S, Anderson M, Hurwitz S. Treatment of posttraumatic adhesive capsulitis of the ankle: a case series. Foot Ankle Int. 2005 Aug; 26(8):602-6.
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  84. Milbrandt T. The importance of educating primary care physicians: Editorial review Current Opinion in Orthopaedics. 2005; 16(6):437-438.
  85. Milbrandt T. Identifying, Preventing, and Managing Neurological Complications in Scoliosis Surgery Current Opinion in Orthopaedics. 2005; 16:144-147.
  86. Milbrandt T, Copley L. Common elbow injuries in children: Evaluation and treatment and clinical outcomes Current Opinion in Orthopaedics. 2004; C15:286-294.
  87. Mierisch CM, Wilson HA, Turner MA, Milbrandt TA, Berthoux L, Hammarskjold ML, Rekosh D, Balian G, Diduch DR. Chondrocyte transplantation into articular cartilage defects with use of calcium alginate: the fate of the cells. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2003 Sep; 85-A(9):1757-67.
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  88. Milbrandt T, Berthoux L, Christenson V, Baumbusch C, Rekosh D, Balian G, Diduch D. Tracing transduced cells in osteochondral defects. J Pediatr Orthop. 2003 Jul-Aug; 23(4):430-6.
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  89. Chhabra A, Hale JE, Milbrandt TA, Carmines DV, Degnan GG. Biomechanical efficacy of an internal fixator for treatment of distal radius fractures. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2001 Dec; (393):318-25.
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  90. Kern JA, Milbrandt TA, Rolf S, Tribble CG. Resection of multiple mediastinal paragangliomas with cardiopulmonary bypass. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Dec; 64(6):1824-6.
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