People with celiac disease who eat a gluten-free diet experience fewer symptoms and complications of the disease. People with celiac disease must eat a strictly gluten-free diet and must remain on the diet for the remainder of their lives. In some severe cases, a gluten-free diet alone can't stop the symptoms and complications of celiac disease, and additional treatment is needed.
Not getting enough vitamins
People who follow a gluten-free diet may have low levels of certain vitamins and nutrients in their diets. Ask your dietitian to review your diet to see that you're getting enough of these key nutrients:
Not sticking to the gluten-free diet
If you accidentally eat a product that contains gluten, you may experience abdominal pain and diarrhea. Some people experience no signs or symptoms after eating gluten, but this doesn't mean it's not damaging their small intestines. Even trace amounts of gluten in your diet may be damaging, whether or not they cause signs or symptoms. Over time, not following a gluten-free diet if you have celiac disease can lead to serious complications including small intestinal cancer.
Nov. 25, 2014
See more In-depth
- Celiac disease. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Nutrition Care Manual. http://www.nutritioncaremanual.org/topic.cfm?ncm_toc_id=22684. Accessed Oct. 10, 2014.
- Understanding celiac disease. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. http://www.eatright.org/Public/content.aspx?id=5542. Accessed Oct. 8, 2014.
- Mulder CJ. Gluten-free diet in gluten-related disorders. Digestive Disorders. 2013;31:57.
- Quick start — Gluten-free diet guide for celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Celiac Disease Foundation. http://www.celiac.org. Accessed Oct. 10, 2014.
- What foods have gluten? American Diabetes Association. http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/gluten-free-diets/what-foods-have-gluten.html. Accessed Oct. 8, 2014.
- AskMayoExpert. Celiac disease (adult and pediatric). Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
- Questions and answers: Gluten-free food labeling final rule. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/GuidanceDocumentsRegulatoryInformation/Allergens/ucm362880.htm. Accessed Oct. 10, 2014.
- Ciclitira PJ. Management of celiac disease in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 9, 2014.
- Picco MF (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Fla. Oct. 26, 2014.