Drug information provided by: Micromedex
Take this medicine exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not change the dose or stop using this medicine without checking first with your doctor. When your supply of this medicine is running low, contact your doctor or pharmacist ahead of time. Do not allow yourself to run out of this medicine.
It is important that ritonavir be taken with food.
Swallow the tablet whole. Do not break, crush, or chew it.
For patients taking the oral liquid:
Shake the bottle well before using.
Use a specially marked measuring syringe or cup to measure each dose accurately. The average household teaspoon may not hold the right amount of liquid.
You can mix the oral liquid with chocolate milk or nutritional drinks (such as Ensure® or Advera®) to make it taste better. You should drink this medicine within one hour of mixing.
This medicine works best when there is a constant amount in the blood. To help keep blood levels constant, do not miss any doses. It is best to take the doses at evenly spaced times, day and night. For example, if you are to take two doses each day, the doses should be spaced about 12 hours apart. If you need help in planning the best times to take your medicine, check with your doctor.
Ritonavir must be taken with other medicines. Tell your doctor about all of the medications you are taking since the dose of ritonavir or other medications you take may need to be adjusted.
If you are taking ritonavir with a medication called didanosine (Videx®), take the ritonavir 2 hours and 30 minutes before or after the didanosine.
Read and carefully follow the patient information leaflet before starting ritonavir treatment and each time you refill. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
For treatment of HIV infection:
For oral dosage forms (capsules, solution, or tablets):
Adults—600 milligrams (mg) two times per day.
Children 1 month of age and older—Dose is based on body size and must be determined by your doctor. The dose is usually 350 to 400 milligrams per square meter (mg/[m]2) of body size two times per day. However, the dose is usually not more than 600 mg two times per day.
Children younger than 1 month of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Store the capsules in the refrigerator or at room temperature in a closed container. If stored at room temperature, use the medicine within 30 days. Keep away from heat and direct light.
Store the oral liquid or tablets in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat and direct light. Do not refrigerate.