Description and Brand Names

Drug information provided by: Micromedex

US Brand Name

  1. Kcentra

Descriptions


Prothrombin complex concentrate human injection is used to reverse the effects of anticoagulants or blood thinners (eg, warfarin, Coumadin®, Jantoven®) in adult patients with acute major bleeding.

Prothrombin complex human contains coagulation factors II, VII, IX, and X, and proteins C and S. This medicine is used to stop bleeding by helping the blood to clot.

This medicine is to be given only by or under the supervision of your doctor.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Powder for Solution

Before Using

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of prothrombin complex concentrate human injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of prothrombin complex concentrate human injection in the elderly.

Pregnancy

Information about this prothrombin-complex-human-intravenous-route
Pregnancy Category Explanation
All Trimesters C Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breastfeeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Drug Interactions

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.

Other Interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Allergy to heparin, coagulation factors II, VII, IX, and X, proteins C and S, antithrombin III, or human albumin, history of or
  • Disseminated intravascular coagulation (blood clotting disorder) or
  • Thrombocytopenia (low number of platelets), heparin-induced—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
  • Congestive heart failure—Use with caution. May make this condition worse.

Proper Use

A doctor or other trained health professional will give you this medicine. This medicine is given through a needle placed in one of your veins.

Precautions

It is very important that your doctor check you closely while you are receiving this medicine to make sure it is working properly and to check for any unwanted effects.

This medicine may cause serious type of allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor or nurse right away if you have a cough, difficulty with swallowing, dizziness, a fast heartbeat, lightheadedness or fainting, trouble breathing, chest tightness, swelling in your face, hands, tongue, or throat after you receive the medicine.

This medicine may increase your chance of having blood clotting problems. Tell your doctor right away if you have a sudden or severe headache, problems with vision or speech, chest pain, trouble breathing or swallowing, swelling or tenderness in your leg, or numbness or weakness while you are receiving this medicine.

This medicine is made from donated human blood. Some human blood products have transmitted certain viruses to people who have received them, although the risk is low. Human donors and donated blood are both tested for viruses to keep the transmission risk low. Talk with your doctor if you are concerned about this risk.

Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Less common

  1. Blurred vision
  2. chest pain
  3. confusion
  4. convulsions
  5. decrease in the amount of urine
  6. dizziness
  7. dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
  8. dry mouth
  9. fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
  10. headache, sudden, severe
  11. increased thirst
  12. irregular heartbeat
  13. loss of appetite
  14. muscle pain or cramps
  15. nausea or vomiting
  16. nervousness
  17. noisy, rattling breathing
  18. numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or lips
  19. pounding in the ears
  20. slow or fast heartbeat
  21. sweating
  22. swelling of the fingers, hands, feet, or lower legs
  23. tightness in the chest
  24. troubled breathing
  25. troubled breathing at rest
  26. unusual tiredness or weakness
  27. weakness
  28. weight gain

Incidence not known

  1. Anxiety
  2. blood in the stools or urine
  3. blue lips and fingernails
  4. bruising
  5. chest discomfort
  6. coughing or vomiting blood
  7. coughing that sometimes produces a pink frothy sputum
  8. difficult or labored breathing
  9. difficult, fast, noisy breathing, sometimes with wheezing
  10. difficulty with speaking
  11. double vision
  12. fainting
  13. feeling of warmth
  14. headache
  15. hives or welts
  16. inability to move the arms, legs, or facial muscles
  17. increased sweating
  18. itching
  19. large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
  20. noisy breathing
  21. pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck
  22. pain, redness, or swelling in the arm or leg
  23. pale skin
  24. persistent bleeding or oozing from puncture sites, mouth, or nose
  25. rash
  26. redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest
  27. redness of the skin
  28. slow speech
  29. sudden shortness of breath or troubled breathing
  30. tenderness, pain, swelling, warmth, skin discoloration, and prominent superficial veins over the affected area

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

  1. Difficulty with moving
  2. muscle pain or stiffness
  3. pain in the joints

Less common

  1. Diarrhea
  2. difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
  3. tearing of skin
  4. trouble sleeping

Incidence not known

  1. Bleeding, blistering, burning, coldness, discoloration of the skin, feeling of pressure, hives, infection, inflammation, itching, lumps, numbness, pain, rash, redness, scarring, soreness, stinging, swelling, tenderness, tingling, ulceration, or warmth at the injection site

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.