Description and Brand Names

Drug information provided by: Micromedex

US Brand Name

  1. Nilandron

Descriptions


Nilutamide is used with surgery to treat metastatic prostate cancer (cancer that has spread) in men. Nilutamide belongs to the group of medicines called antiandrogens. It works by blocking the effects of testosterone (a male hormone), which helps stop the growth and spread of cancer cells. .

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Tablet

Before Using

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of nilutamide in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

No information is available on the relationship of age to the effects of nilutamide in geriatric patients.

Pregnancy

Information about this nilutamide-oral-route
Pregnancy Category Explanation
All Trimesters C Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breastfeeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Drug Interactions

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Fosphenytoin
  • Phenytoin
  • Theophylline
  • Warfarin

Other Interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Liver disease, severe or
  • Lung disease, severe—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
  • Lung disease or other breathing problems—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.

Proper Use

Take this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may increase the chance of side effects.

You should begin taking this medicine on the day of or the day after your surgery. Do not stop taking this medicine without checking with your doctor first.

You may take this medicine with food or on an empty stomach.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (tablets):
    • For prostate cancer:
      • Adults—300 milligrams (mg) once a day for the first 30 days, then 150 mg once a day.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of this medicine, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure that this medicine is working properly. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

Check with your doctor right away if you have shortness of breath, difficulty with breathing, or chest pain while you are using this medicine.

Liver problems may occur while you are using this medicine. Stop using this medicine and check with your doctor right away if you are having more than one of these symptoms: clay-colored stools; dark urine; fever; headache; loss of appetite; nausea or vomiting; pain or tenderness in the upper right side of the stomach; unusual tiredness or weakness; or yellow eyes or skin.

Drinking alcoholic beverages while taking nilutamide may cause unwanted effects in some people. Possible effects include feeling dizzy or lightheaded when getting up from a lying or sitting position suddenly; having flu-like symptoms; or flushing of the face. If you notice any of these effects, avoid drinking alcohol while you are taking this medicine.

Be very careful while driving, especially at night or when you drive into or out of tunnels. Nilutamide can temporarily change the way your eyes react to light. You may not be able to see as well as usual for several minutes after going from bright light to darkness. Wearing eyeglasses with tinted lenses may help reduce these effects.

Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common

  1. Blood in the urine
  2. blurred vision
  3. chest pain
  4. chills
  5. cough
  6. diarrhea
  7. difficult or labored breathing
  8. dizziness
  9. fever or chills
  10. general feeling of discomfort or illness
  11. headache
  12. joint pain
  13. loss of appetite
  14. muscle aches and pains
  15. nausea
  16. nervousness
  17. pale skin
  18. pounding in the ears
  19. runny nose
  20. shivering
  21. shortness of breath
  22. slow or fast heartbeat
  23. sneezing
  24. sore throat
  25. sweating
  26. tightness in the chest
  27. trouble with sleeping
  28. troubled breathing with exertion
  29. unusual bleeding or bruising
  30. unusual tiredness or weakness
  31. vomiting
  32. wheezing

Less common

  1. Arm, back, or jaw pain
  2. blindness
  3. bloody, black, or tarry stools
  4. change in color vision
  5. decreased urine output
  6. decreased vision
  7. difficulty seeing at night
  8. dilated neck veins
  9. fainting
  10. fast or irregular heartbeat
  11. increased cough
  12. increased sensitivity of the eyes to sunlight
  13. irregular breathing
  14. swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs
  15. vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds
  16. weight gain or loss

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

  1. Acid or sour stomach
  2. belching
  3. body hair loss
  4. bone pain
  5. burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
  6. changes in vision
  7. decrease in testicle size
  8. decreased interest in sexual intercourse
  9. depression
  10. difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
  11. dizziness
  12. dry skin
  13. feeling of warmth
  14. heartburn
  15. inability to have or keep an erection
  16. increased urge to urinate during the night
  17. indigestion
  18. loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
  19. pain
  20. rash
  21. redness of the face, neck, arms and occasionally, upper chest
  22. sleeplessness
  23. stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
  24. sudden sweating
  25. unable to sleep
  26. waking to urinate at night

Less common

  1. Difficulty with moving
  2. dry mouth
  3. general feeling of discomfort or illness
  4. itching
  5. muscle pain or stiffness
  6. pain, swelling, or redness in the joints
  7. passing of gas

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.