Uses based on tradition or theory
Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, asthma, bad breath, biliary colic (pain due to gallstones), bleeding, bronchitis (chronic cough), bubonic plague (fatal disease), central nervous system disorders, cleansing vital organs, clogged arteries, constipation, cough, depression, diabetic nerve damage, dialysis (kidney replacement therapy), eczema (inflammatory skin condition), gallbladder disease, gallstones, hemochromatosis (too much iron in body), hemorrhoids, high blood pressure associated with pregnancy, hyperthyroid (overactive thyroid gland), immune function, infection prevention, ischemic injury (injury due to lack of oxygen), jaundice (yellowing of the skin), lactation stimulant, malaria, menstrual disorders, peritonitis (inflammation of the abdomen wall), psoriasis (inflammatory skin condition), radiation sickness, recovery from surgery, snakebite, spleen disorders, swelling, toxic kidney damage, tumors, ulcers, ultraviolet light skin damage protection, uterine disorders, varicose veins (abnormal and painful veins), vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels).
The below uses are based on tradition or scientific theories. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.