Proper Use

Drug information provided by: Micromedex

Take this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may increase the chance of side effects.

This medicine comes with a Medication Guide. It is very important that you read and understand this information. Be sure to ask your doctor about anything you do not understand.

Gralise® tablets should be taken with the evening meal.

Horizant® extended-release tablets should be taken with food at about 5 PM.

Neurontin® capsules, tablets, and solution may be taken with or without food.

For patients with restless legs syndrome: Do not use the Horizant® extended-release tablets if you are required to sleep during the daytime and remain awake at night.

For patients with epilepsy who take gabapentin three times per day, do not allow more than 12 hours to pass between any 2 doses. The medicine works best if a constant amount is in the blood.

You may break the scored Neurontin® tablets into two pieces, but make sure you use the second half of the tablet as the next dose. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

Swallow the Gralise® tablet or the Horizant® extended-release tablet whole. Do not crush, break, or chew it.

Measure the oral liquid using a marked measuring spoon, oral syringe, or medicine cup. The average household teaspoon may not hold the right amount of liquid.

If you take an antacid that contains aluminum or magnesium, wait at least 2 hours before taking gabapentin. Some examples of these antacids are Di-Gel®, Gaviscon®, Gelusil®, Maalox® and Mylanta®.

Only use the brand of this medicine that your doctor prescribed. Different brands may not work the same way.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage forms (capsules, liquid, and tablets):
    • For epilepsy:
      • Adults and teenagers 12 years of age and older—At first, 300 milligrams (mg) 3 times per day. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 1800 mg per day.
      • Children 3 to 12 years of age—Dose is based on body weight and must be determined by your doctor. The starting dose is 10 to 15 milligrams (mg) per kilogram (kg) of body weight per day and divided in 3 doses. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed.
      • Children younger than 3 years of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • For postherpetic neuralgia:
      • Adults— At first, 300 milligrams (mg) as a single dose in the evening. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 1800 mg per day.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
  • For oral dosage form (extended-release tablets):
    • For postherpetic neuralgia:
      • Adults— At first, 600 milligrams (mg) in the morning. Then, your doctor will increase your dose to 600 mg 2 times per day.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • For restless legs syndrome:
      • Adults—600 milligrams (mg) as a single dose at about 5 PM.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Horizant® extended-release tablets: If you miss a dose of this medicine, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

You should store the Neurontin® oral liquid in the refrigerator. Do not freeze.