Turner syndrome, a condition that affects only girls and women, results from a missing or incomplete sex chromosome. Turner syndrome can cause a variety of medical and developmental problems, including short stature, failure to begin puberty, infertility, heart defects and certain learning disabilities.

Turner syndrome may be diagnosed during infancy or early childhood. But, sometimes diagnosis is delayed in adolescent girls or young women with mild signs and symptoms of Turner syndrome.

Nearly all girls and women with Turner syndrome need ongoing medical care from a variety of specialists. Regular checkups and appropriate care can help most girls and women lead relatively healthy, independent lives.

Aug. 20, 2011