DefinitionBy Mayo Clinic Staff
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a parasite. In women, trichomoniasis can cause a foul-smelling vaginal discharge, genital itching and painful urination. Men who have trichomoniasis typically have no symptoms. Pregnant women who have trichomoniasis may be at higher risk of delivering their babies prematurely.
To prevent reinfection with the organism that causes trichomoniasis, both partners should be treated. The most common treatment for trichomoniasis involves taking one megadose of metronidazole (Flagyl, Tindamax). You can reduce your risk of infection by using condoms correctly every time you have sex.
March 21, 2015
- Sobel JD. Trichomoniasis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 23, 2015.
- Trichomoniasis fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/STD/Trichomonas/STDFact-Trichomoniasis.htm. Accessed Jan. 23, 2015.
- Hobbs MM, et al. Modern diagnosis of trichomonas vaginalis infection. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2013;89:434.