Your doctor will ask you questions to verify whether your signs and symptoms are caused by testicular torsion or something else. Doctors often diagnose testicular torsion with a physical exam of your scrotum, testicles, abdomen and groin.
Your doctor might also test your reflexes by lightly rubbing or pinching the inside of your thigh on the affected side. Normally, this causes the testicle to contract. This reflex might not occur if you have testicular torsion.
Sometimes medical tests are necessary to confirm a diagnosis or to help identify another cause for your symptoms. For example:
- Urine test. This test is used to check for infection.
- Scrotal ultrasound. This type of ultrasound is used to check blood flow. Decreased blood flow to the testicle is a sign of testicular torsion. But ultrasound doesn't always detect the reduced blood flow, so the test might not rule out testicular torsion.
- Surgery. Surgery might be necessary to determine whether your symptoms are caused by testicular torsion or another condition.
If you've had pain for several hours and your physical exam suggests testicular torsion, you might be taken directly to surgery without any additional testing. Delaying surgery might result in loss of the testicle.
March 12, 2015
- Wein AJ, et al. Abnormalities of the testis and scrotum and their surgical management. In: Campbell-Walsh Urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 13, 2015.
- Somani BK, et al. Testicular torsion. BMJ. 2010;341:c3213.
- Cubillos J, et al. Familial testicular torsion. Journal of Urology. 2011;185:2469.
- Hittelman AB. Neonatal testicular torsion. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 16, 2015.
- Snyder HM, et al. In utero/neonatal torsion: Observation versus prompt exploration. Journal of Urology. 2010;183:1675.
- Roth CC, et al. Salvage of bilateral asynchronous perinatal testicular torsion. Journal of Urology. 2011;185:2464.
- Eyre RC. Evaluation of the acute scrotum in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 16, 2015.
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